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A4700

Sigma-Aldrich

Monoclonal Anti-Actin antibody produced in mouse

clone AC-40, ascites fluid

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Synonym(s):
Monoclonal Anti-Actin
NACRES:
NA.41

biological source

mouse

Quality Level

conjugate

unconjugated

antibody form

ascites fluid

antibody product type

primary antibodies

clone

AC-40, monoclonal

mol wt

antigen 42 kDa

contains

15 mM sodium azide

species reactivity

human, Xenopus, hamster, mouse, guinea pig, rat, rabbit, snail, sheep, canine, carp, chicken, pig, bovine, viper, goat

technique(s)

immunohistochemistry (frozen sections): suitable using methanol-fixed, frozen sections
indirect ELISA: suitable
indirect immunofluorescence: 1:200 using cultured human or chicken fibroblasts
western blot: 1:500 using cultured human or chicken fibroblast extract

isotype

IgG2a

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

target post-translational modification

unmodified

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This Item
A2172SAB4200602A2103
antibody form

ascites fluid

antibody form

ascites fluid

antibody form

purified from hybridoma cell culture

antibody form

affinity isolated antibody

Gene Information

human ... ACTA1(58), ACTA1(58), ACTA1(58), ACTA2(59), ACTA2(59), ACTA2(59), ACTB(60), ACTB(60), ACTB(60), ACTC1(70), ACTC1(70), ACTC1(70), ACTG1(71), ACTG1(71), ACTG1(71), ACTG2(72), ACTG2(72), ACTG2(72)
mouse ... Acta1(11459), Acta1(11459), Acta1(11459), Acta2(11475), Acta2(11475), Acta2(11475), Actb(11461), Actb(11461), Actb(11461), Actc1(11464), Actc1(11464), Actc1(11464), Actg1(11465), Actg1(11465), Actg1(11465), Actg2(11468), Actg2(11468), Actg2(11468)
rat ... Acta1(29437), Acta1(29437), Acta1(29437), Acta2(81633), Acta2(81633), Acta2(81633), Actb(81822), Actb(81822), Actb(81822), Actc1(29275), Actc1(29275), Actc1(29275), Actg1(287876), Actg1(287876), Actg1(287876), Actg2(25365), Actg2(25365), Actg2(25365)

Gene Information

human ... ACTA1(58), ACTC1(70)
mouse ... Rwdd2a(69519)
rat ... Acta1(29437), Actc1(29275)

Gene Information

human ... ACTA1(58)

Gene Information

human ... ACTA1(58), ACTA2(59), ACTB(60), ACTC1(70), ACTG1(71), ACTG2(72)
mouse ... Acta1(11459), Acta2(11475), Actb(11461), Actc1(11464), Actg1(11465), Actg2(11468)
rat ... Acta1(29437), Acta2(81633), Actb(81822), Actc1(29275), Actg1(287876), Actg2(25365)

conjugate

unconjugated

conjugate

unconjugated

conjugate

-

conjugate

unconjugated

clone

AC-40, monoclonal

clone

5C5, monoclonal

clone

5C5, monoclonal

clone

polyclonal

biological source

mouse

biological source

mouse

biological source

mouse

biological source

rabbit

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General description

Actin and myosin are major cytoskeletal proteins. Actin is expressed majorly in six isoforms. The human γ-actin gene is mapped to human chromosome 17.
The antibody recognizes an epitope located on the C-terminal end of actin conserved in all actin isoforms. It specifically labels actin in a wide variety of tissues and species. The epitope recognized by the antibody is resistant to formalin-fixation and paraffin-embedding. Zinc-formalin, B5, ethanol, methacarn, Brunnel′s or Bouin′s solutions may also be used as fixatives.

Monoclonal Anti-Actin (mouse IgG2a isotype) is derived from the AC-40 hybridoma produced by the fusion of mouse myeloma cells and splenocytes from an immunized mouse. A synthetic actin C-terminal peptide attached to Multiple Antigen Peptide (MAP) backbone was used as the immunogen. The isotype is determined using Mouse Monoclonal Antibody Isotyping Reagents, Catalog No. ISO2.
The antibody recognizes an epitope located on the C-terminal end of actin conserved in all actin isoforms. It specifically labels actin in a wide variety of tissues and species. The epitope recognized by the antibody is resistant to formalin-fixation and paraffin-embedding. Zinc-formalin, B5, ethanol, methacarn, Brunnel′s or Bouin′s solutions may also be used as fixatives.
The two major cytoskeletal proteins implicated in cell motility are actin and myosin. Actin and myosin are constituents of many cell types and are involved in cellular process including locomotion, secretion, cytoplasmic streaming, phagocytosis, and cytokinesis. Although actin is one of the most conserved eukaryotic proteins, it is expressed in mammals and birds as at least six isoforms characterized by electrophoresis and amino acid sequence analysis.

Specificity

Monoclonal Anti-Actin recognizes an epitope located on the C-terminal end of actin, but not on the N-terminal end. This epitope is conserved in all actin isoforms. The antibody specifically labels actin in a wide variety of tissues and species in immunoblotting (band at 42 kDa), in immunofluorescent staining of cultured cell lines and in immunohistology. Cross-reaction has been observed with human, bovine, sheep, goat, pig, rabbit, dog, mouse, rat, guinea pig, hamster, chicken, carp, viper, frog, and snail. The antibody may be used in staining of methanol-fixed, frozen sections, and the epitope recognized by the antibody is resistant to formalin-fixation and paraffin-embedding. Zinc-formalin, B5, ethanol, methacarn, Brunnel′s or Bouin′s solution may also be used as fixatives.

Immunogen

synthetic actin C-terminal peptide, attached to a Multiple Antigen Peptide (MAP) backbone

Application

Monoclonal anti-actin antibody was used for western blot analysis of Cos-7 cell lysates to ensure equal protein loading.
Monoclonal rabbit anti-actin has been used:
  • in the detection of actin in HeLa cells, breast cancer cell line and leukemia cell line using western blotting
  • in human fibroblasts by immunofluorescence detection
Western blot analysis of MDCK cell lysates were performed using monoclonal anti-actin antibody as a primary antibody.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Actin and myosin are constituents of many cell types and are involved in cellular process including locomotion, secretion, cytoplasmic streaming, phagocytosis, and cytokinesis. The N-terminal region of actin appears to be a major antigenic region, and may be involved in the interaction of actin with other proteins such as myosin. Among the six isoforms of actin, four of them represent the differentiation markers of muscle tissues and two are found practically in all cells. There are three α-actins (skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle), one β−actin (β-nonmuscle), and two γ-actins (γ-smooth muscle and γ-nonmuscle). Actin isoforms show >90% overall sequence homology, but only 50–60% homology in their NH2-terminal residues.
The actin in cells of various species and tissues are very similar in their immunological and physical properties characterized by electrophoresis and amino acid sequence analysis.(from bulletin) They mediate cytoskeletal remodeling during T cell activation. Mutation in the γ-actin and β-actin gene is associated with a developmental disorder called Baraitser-Winter syndrome. Mutation in the γ-actin leads to hearing loss.

Physical form

Supplied as ascites fluid with 15mM sodium azide as a preservative.

Storage and Stability

For continuous use, store at 2-8 °C for a maximum of one month. For extended storage, the solution may be frozen in working aliquots. Repeated freezing and thawing, or storage in "frost-free" freezers, is not recommended. If slight turbidity occurs upon prolonged storage, clarify the solution by centrifugation before use.

Other Notes

To view an Actin antibody selection guide, please visit www.sigmaaldrich.com/actin.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1


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Smooth Muscle Myocyte Ultrastructure and Contractility.
Somlyo AV and Siegman MJ
Muscle, 1117-1132 (2012)
RUNX1 is a key target in t (4; 11) leukemias that contributes to gene activation through an AF4-MLL complex interaction.
Wilkinson AC, et al.
Cell Reports, 3(1), 116-127 (2013)
Emergent complexity of the cytoskeleton: from single filaments to tissue.
Huber F, et al.
Advances in Physics, 62(1), 1-112 (2013)
Peter Nagy et al.
Cancer research, 65(2), 473-482 (2005-02-08)
Overexpression of erbB2 in breast tumors is associated with poor prognosis and is a target of receptor-oriented cancer therapy. Trastuzumab (Herceptin), a monoclonal antibody against a membrane-proximal epitope in the extracellular region of erbB2, shows a therapeutic effect against a
Actin structure and function.
Dominguez R and Holmes KC
Annual Review of Biophysics, 40, 169-186 (2011)

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