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C0884

Sigma-Aldrich

Coenzyme B12

≥97.0%

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Synonym(s):
5′-Deoxyadenosylcobalamine, Adenosyl cobalamine, Cobamamide, DMBC coenzyme
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C72H100CoN18O17P
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
1579.58
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
4122932
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79

assay

≥97.0%

form

powder and chunks

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

color

red to very dark red
very dark red-brown

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC(CNC(=O)CCC1(C)C(CC(N)=O)C2N([Co+]C[C@H]3O[C@@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]3O)n4cnc5c(N)ncnc45)C1=C(C)C6=NC(=CC7=NC(=C(C)C8=NC2(C)C(C)(CC(N)=O)C8CCC(N)=O)C(C)(CC(N)=O)C7CCC(N)=O)C(C)(C)C6CCC(N)=O)OP([O-])(=O)O[C@H]9[C@@H](O)[C@H](O[C@@H]9CO)n%10cnc%11cc(C)c(C)cc%10%11

InChI

1S/C62H90N13O14P.C10H12N5O3.Co/c1-29-20-39-40(21-30(29)2)75(28-70-39)57-52(84)53(41(27-76)87-57)89-90(85,86)88-31(3)26-69-49(83)18-19-59(8)37(22-46(66)80)56-62(11)61(10,25-48(68)82)36(14-17-45(65)79)51(74-62)33(5)55-60(9,24-47(67)81)34(12-15-43(63)77)38(71-55)23-42-58(6,7)35(13-16-44(64)78)50(72-42)32(4)54(59)73-56;1-4-6(16)7(17)10(18-4)15-3-14-5-8(11)12-2-13-9(5)15;/h20-21,23,28,31,34-37,41,52-53,56-57,76,84H,12-19,22,24-27H2,1-11H3,(H15,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,71,72,73,74,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,85,86);2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13);/q;;+2/p-2/t31?,34?,35?,36?,37?,41-,52-,53-,56?,57+,59?,60?,61?,62?;4-,6-,7-,10+;/m11./s1

InChI key

ZIHHMGTYZOSFRC-PMDPKNCCSA-L

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1 of 4

This Item
H8017C3607C3021
vibrant-m

C0884

Coenzyme B12

vibrant-m

H8017

Hydroxocobalamin acetate

vibrant-m

C3607

Cyanocobalamin

vibrant-m

C3021

Dicyanocobinamide

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

form

powder and chunks

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

−20°C

color

red to very dark red

color

red to brown

color

dark red

color

purple to very dark purple

General description

Vitamin B12 cobalamin refers to a group of chemically-related cobalt containing molecules. The physiologically active forms of vitamin B12 include methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin, whereas hydroxocobalamin (vitamin B12a, OHCbl) and cyanocobalamin (CNCbl) are storage and delivery forms.

Application

Coenzyme B12 has been used as a supplement for culturing plasmid variants in in vivo assay of yvrC-lacZ fusions.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Vitamin B12 cobalamin is involved in DNA synthesis and fatty acid synthesis. It also plays a vital role as a coenzyme in the conversion of mitochondrial methylmalonyl co-enzyme A to succinyl co-enzyme A.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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Cyanocobalamin (B12) analytical standard

Supelco

47869

Cyanocobalamin (B12)

Vitamin B12a hydrochloride analytical standard

Supelco

H7126

Vitamin B12a hydrochloride

Cyanocobalamin meets USP testing specifications

Sigma-Aldrich

C3607

Cyanocobalamin

Hydroxocobalamin acetate United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

USP

1324308

Hydroxocobalamin acetate

Cyanocobalamin tested according to Ph. Eur.

Sigma-Aldrich

43107

Cyanocobalamin

Denis Bucher et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(3), 1591-1599 (2012-01-11)
Vitamin B(12) and its biologically active counterparts possess the only examples of carbon-cobalt bonds in living systems. The role of such motifs as radical reservoirs has potential application in future catalytic and electronic nanodevices. To fully understand radical generation in
Peter Friedrich et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 18(50), 16114-16122 (2012-10-20)
Coenzyme B(12) can assist radical enzymes that accomplish the vicinal interchange of a hydrogen atom with a functional group. It has been proposed that the Co-C bond homolysis of coenzyme B(12) to cob(II)alamin and the 5'-deoxyadenosyl radical is aided by hydrogen bonding
Alla Peselis et al.
Nature structural & molecular biology, 19(11), 1182-1184 (2012-10-16)
Coenzyme B(12) has a key role in various enzymatic reactions and controls expression of bacterial genes through riboswitches. Here we report the crystal structure of the Symbiobacterium thermophilum B(12) riboswitch bound to its ligand adenosylcobalamin. The riboswitch forms a unique
J R Roth et al.
Annual review of microbiology, 50, 137-181 (1996-01-01)
This review examines deoxyadenosylcobalamin (Ado-B12) biosynthesis, transport, use, and uneven distribution among living forms. We describe how genetic analysis of enteric bacteria has contributed to these issues. Two pathways for corrin ring formation have been found-an aerobic pathway (in P.
Jiayun Pang et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(4), 2367-2377 (2012-01-14)
We present here an energetic and atomistic description of how D-ornithine 4,5-aminomutase (OAM), an adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl; coenzyme B(12))-dependent isomerase, employs a large-scale protein domain conformational change to orchestrate the homolytic rupture of the Co-C bond. Our results suggest that in

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