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C6158

Sigma-Aldrich

Crystal Violet

ACS reagent, ≥90.0% anhydrous basis

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Synonym(s):
Basic Violet 3, Gentian Violet, Hexamethylpararosaniline chloride, Methyl Violet 10B
Linear Formula:
C25H30N3Cl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
407.98
Colour Index Number:
42555
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3580948
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.47

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

assay

≥90.0% anhydrous basis

form

powder

loss

≤7.5% loss on drying

mp

205 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 50 g/L at 27 °C

density

1.19 g/cm3 at 20 °C

absorption

passes test

suitability

passes test for sensitivity as indicator

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

mode of action

cell membrane | interferes
enzyme | inhibits

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

[Cl-].CN(C)c1ccc(cc1)\C(c2ccc(cc2)N(C)C)=C3/C=C\C(C=C3)=[N+](/C)C

InChI

1S/C25H30N3.ClH/c1-26(2)22-13-7-19(8-14-22)25(20-9-15-23(16-10-20)27(3)4)21-11-17-24(18-12-21)28(5)6;/h7-18H,1-6H3;1H/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

ZXJXZNDDNMQXFV-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Application

Crystal violet has been used to determine cell viability. It has been used in the staining of cells for the quantification of cellular migration.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Crystal violet can be used for DNA visualization in agarose gels. The dye is used only in the presence of high concentrations of DNA. Crystal violet is also used for the staining of bacteria in gram staining technique. It is also used for the staining of plant chromosomes. Crystal violet helps in colorimetric measurement of cell viability.

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Gentian Violet United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

USP

1290002

Gentian Violet

Methylrosanilinium chloride European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

Y0000418

Methylrosanilinium chloride

Gentian violet for microscopy (Bact., Hist.)

Sigma-Aldrich

48770

Gentian violet

The activation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase is required for dihydroartemisinin-induced autophagy in pancreatic cancer cells.
Jia G, et al.
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research, 33, 8-8 (2014)
Plant Chromosomes (1999)
Downregulation of survivin expression exerts antitumoral effects on mouse breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.
Ma WH, et al.
Oncology Letters, 11, 159-159 (2016)
Eric H Clifton et al.
PloS one, 13(3), e0194815-e0194815 (2018-03-23)
Terrestrial plants can harbor endophytic fungi that may induce changes in plant physiology that in turn affect interactions with herbivorous insects. We evaluated whether the application of entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium brunneum to soybean seeds could become endophytic
A combined assay of cell viability and in vitro cytotoxicity with a highly water-soluble tetrazolium salt, neutral red and crystal violet.
Ishiyama M, et al.
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 19, 1518-1518 (1996)

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