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F6886

Sigma-Aldrich

Forskolin

from Coleus forskohlii, ≥98% (HPLC), powder

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Synonym(s):
7β-Acetoxy-8,13-epoxy-1α,6β,9α-trihydroxylabd-14-en-11-one, Coleonol, Colforsin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H34O7
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
410.50
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1692716
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

biological source

Coleus forskohlii

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

white to off-white

solubility

ethanol: soluble 50 mg/mL

SMILES string

CC(=O)O[C@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@H]2C(C)(C)CC[C@H](O)[C@]2(C)[C@@]3(O)C(=O)C[C@@](C)(O[C@]13C)C=C

InChI

1S/C22H34O7/c1-8-19(5)11-14(25)22(27)20(6)13(24)9-10-18(3,4)16(20)15(26)17(28-12(2)23)21(22,7)29-19/h8,13,15-17,24,26-27H,1,9-11H2,2-7H3/t13-,15-,16-,17-,19-,20-,21+,22-/m0/s1

InChI key

OHCQJHSOBUTRHG-KGGHGJDLSA-N

Gene Information

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This Item
F3917D3658PHL89664
Forskolin from Coleus forskohlii, ≥98% (HPLC), powder

F6886

Forskolin

Forskolin For use in molecular biology applications

F3917

Forskolin

Forskolin phyproof® Reference Substance

PHL89664

Forskolin

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

≥97%

assay

≥98.0% (HPLC)

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

solubility

ethanol: soluble 50 mg/mL

solubility

ethanol: soluble

solubility

methanol: 28 mg/mL(lit.), DMSO: 3 mg/mL(lit.), chloroform: 50 mg/mL, ethanol: 6.6 mg/mL(lit.), dilute aqueous acid and base: insoluble(lit.)

solubility

-

color

white to off-white

color

white to off-white

color

white to off-white

color

-

biological source

Coleus forskohlii

biological source

Coleus forskohlii

biological source

-

biological source

-

General description

Forskolin, present predominantly in the root of Coleus forskohlii plant, is a potential pharmacological compound. It is used for treating hypertension, respiratory disorders and obesity. Forskolin is a diterpenoid capable of modulating adenylate cyclase enzyme and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels. Engineering forskolin biosynthetic pathway caters its commercial production for pharmacological use. Forskolin has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory property and reduces hyperglycemia by stimulating insulin release. Forskolin promotes differentiation of hepatoma HepaRG cells and activates farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and pregnane X receptor(PXR).
Several studies indicate that forskolin is linked to increased lipolysis, potentially leading to increased fat and weight reduction within the body. The supplementation of forskolin is believed to potentially improve fat loss without losing muscle mass.

Application

Forskolin has been used:
  • for inducing mRNA expression in primary hepatocytes.
  • as a defatting drug in primary human hepatocytes.
  • as a medium supplement to induce differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs).
  • in the activation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene.
  • to promote the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into endothelial cells.
  • to stimulate cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-mediated chloride ion secretion in differentiated airway epithelial cells derived from individuals with and without cystic fibrosis (CF).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell-permeable diterpenoid that possesses anti-hypertensive, positive inotropic, and adenylyl cyclase activating properties. Many of its biological effects are due to its activation of adenylyl cyclase and the resulting increase in intracellular cAMP concentration. Forskolin effects calcium currents and inhibits MAP kinase.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Cyclic Nucleotide research. Click here to discover more featured Cyclic Nucleotide products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.
This compound is featured on the Adenylyl cyclases page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Preparation Note

Forskolin is soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol, chloroform, and DMSO.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

ppe

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves


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Effect of chronic administration of forskolin on glycemia and oxidative stress in rats with and without experimental diabetes
Rios-Silva M, et al.
International Journal of Medical Sciences, 11(5), 448-448 (2014)
Total biosynthesis of the cyclic AMP booster forskolin from Coleus forskohlii
Pateraki I, et al.
eLife, 6, e23001-e23001 (2017)
Conditionally reprogrammed primary airway epithelial cells maintain morphology, lineage and disease specific functional characteristics
Martinovich KM, et al.
Scientific Reports, 7(1), 17971-17971 (2017)
Differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells into Schwann cell-like cells through intermittent induction: potential advantage of cellular transient memory function
Sun X, et al.
Stem Cell Research & Therapy, 9(1), 133-133 (2018)
Use of a high-throughput phenotypic screening strategy to identify amplifiers, a novel pharmacological class of small molecules that exhibit functional synergy with potentiators and correctors
Giuliano KA, et al.
SLAS discovery, 23(2), 111-121 (2018)

Articles

Naive pluripotent stem cells are located within the epiblast of mature blastocysts. These primitive “ground-state” cells may be cultured in vitro using specialized media and small molecule inhibitors.

Cyclic nucleotides like cAMP modulate cell function via PKA activation and ion channels.

Protocols

A rapid in vitro assay for CFTR function, the forskolin-induced swelling protocol uses human colon organoids, which can be derived from cystic fibrosis patient tissue.

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