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H0627

Sigma-Aldrich

6-Hydroxymelatonin

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Synonym(s):
3-(N-Acetylaminoethyl)-6-hydroxy-5-methoxyindole
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C13H16N2O3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
248.28
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

solubility

alcohol: soluble

SMILES string

COc1cc2c(CCNC(C)=O)c[nH]c2cc1O

InChI

1S/C13H16N2O3/c1-8(16)14-4-3-9-7-15-11-6-12(17)13(18-2)5-10(9)11/h5-7,15,17H,3-4H2,1-2H3,(H,14,16)

InChI key

OMYMRCXOJJZYKE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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1 of 4

This Item
SMB00981UC148286583
vibrant-m

H0627

6-Hydroxymelatonin

vibrant-m

SMB00981

2-Hydroxymelatonin

vibrant-m

UC148

6-Hydroxychlorzoxazone

vibrant-m

286583

5-Methoxytryptamine

solubility

alcohol: soluble

solubility

-

solubility

methanol: soluble

solubility

-

Gene Information

human ... MTNR1A(4543), MTNR1B(4544)

Gene Information

-

Gene Information

-

Gene Information

human ... HTR1A(3350), HTR2A(3356), HTR2C(3358)
rat ... Htr2a(29595), Htr2c(25187), Htr7(65032)

General description

6-Hydroxymelatonin (6-OHM) is a melatonin metabolite. It is produced in the liver by the action of cytochrome P450 enzyme as well as by photodegradation of melatonin. In the central nervous system, it exists as a sulfated form. 6-OHM is a partial melatonin receptor MT2 agonist.

Application

6-Hydroxymelatonin has been used as a melatonin derivative to test its protective effects in ultra violet B (UVB)-induced oxidative stress melanocytes and keratinocytes.

Biochem/physiol Actions

6-Hydroxymelatonin (6-OHM) is an antioxidant with a free radical scavenging role. Like melatonin, it reduces the impact of UVB-induced oxidative stress in melanocytes. It also aids protection during iron (Fe2+)-induced neurotoxicity. 6-OHM effectively reduces lipid peroxidation and superoxide anion production induced by potassium cyanide (KCN).

pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Carc. 2

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Herwig Frisch et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 89(9), 4388-4390 (2004-09-10)
Melatonin (MLT), the pineal gland hormone involved in the regulation of circadian rhythms, shows characteristic diurnal variation. Its physiological role in humans is not clear. Exposure to high altitudes may disrupt the circadian rhythm and lead to various endocrine changes.
Zorica Janjetovic et al.
Journal of pineal research, 57(1), 90-102 (2014-05-29)
We investigated the protective effects of melatonin and its metabolites: 6-hydroxymelatonin (6-OHM), N1-acetyl-N2-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK), N-acetylserotonin (NAS), and 5-methoxytryptamine (5-MT) in human keratinocytes against a range of doses (25, 50, and 75 mJ/cm2) of ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. There was significant
S Härtter et al.
Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 70(1), 10-16 (2001-07-14)
Melatonin is a hormone that is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 to its main primary metabolite 6-hydroxymelatonin. We therefore evaluated the utility of oral melatonin as a marker of hepatic CYP1A2 activity. Twenty-five milligrams of melatonin was given at
K N Ting et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 122(7), 1299-1306 (1998-01-08)
1. In this study we compared the vasoconstrictor activity of melatonin in rat isolated tail artery using two different recording systems, the Halpern pressure myograph and the Halpern-Mulvany wire myograph, with the view to determining a reliable method for obtaining
Zorica Janjetovic et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 1274-1274 (2017-04-30)
Ultraviolet light (UV) is an inducer of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as 6-4-photoproducts and cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD) in the skin, which further cause damage to the skin cells. Irradiation of cultured human melanocytes with UVB stimulated ROS

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