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P5994

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphatase substrate

40 mg tablets

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Synonym(s):
4-Nitrophenyl phosphate disodium salt hexahydrate, pNPP disodium salt hexahydrate
Linear Formula:
O2NC6H4OP(O)(ONa)2 · 6H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
371.14
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.54

Quality Level

form

tablet

concentration

36-44 mg/tablet

impurities

p-nitrophenol, essentially free

solubility

H2O: soluble, clear, colorless to yellow (1 tablet in 8 mL of water.)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O.O.O.O.O.O.[Na+].[Na+].[O-][N+](=O)c1ccc(OP([O-])([O-])=O)cc1

InChI

1S/C6H6NO6P.2Na.6H2O/c8-7(9)5-1-3-6(4-2-5)13-14(10,11)12;;;;;;;;/h1-4H,(H2,10,11,12);;;6*1H2/q;2*+1;;;;;;/p-2

InChI key

KAKKHKRHCKCAGH-UHFFFAOYSA-L

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This Item
P5744S0942P5869
Phosphatase substrate 40 mg tablets

P5994

Phosphatase substrate

Phosphatase substrate 40 mg capsules

P5744

Phosphatase substrate

Phosphatase substrate 5 mg tablets

S0942

Phosphatase substrate

Phosphatase substrate 100 mg capsules

P5869

Phosphatase substrate

concentration

36-44 mg/tablet

concentration

-

concentration

-

concentration

-

solubility

H2O: soluble, clear, colorless to yellow (1 tablet in 8 mL of water.)

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

impurities

p-nitrophenol, essentially free

impurities

-

impurities

-

impurities

-

General description

Human phosphatase-substrate networks are mapped based on the literature and protein-protein interaction (PPI) database. Based on gene expression data, the possible network of phosphatase-substrate-kinase is predicted.

Application

Phosphatase is a chromogenic substrate for use with alkaline and acid phosphatase ELISA procedures. It is been used for the colorimetric detection of CTB fusion proteins. Produces a soluble end product that is yellow in color and can be read spectrophotometrically at 405 nm. The pNPP reaction may be stopped with 3 N NaOH and read at 405 nm.
Phosphatase substrate has been used as a substrate in alkaline phosphatase assay in serum samples, bone marrow stromal cells and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC).
The substrate has been used to determine the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in human osteoblast-like Saos-2 cell lysates. ALP acts as an early marker of osteoblast differentiation that is expressed just before matrix mineralization begins.
Chromogenic substrate for use with alkaline and acid phosphatase ELISA procedures. Produces a soluble end product that is yellow in color and can be read spectrophotometrically at 405 nm. The pNPP reaction may be stopped with 3 N NaOH and read at 405 nm.

Quantity

Contains 40 mg substrate per tablet

Preparation Note

Dissolve tablets to the desired concentration in either of the following buffers: 0.1 M glycine, pH 10.4, with 1 mM MgCl2 and 1 mM ZnCl2 or 1 M diethanolamine, pH 9.8, with 0.5 mM MgCl2. Typically, a pNPP concentration of 1 mg/mL is used.

Other Notes

Substrate for the determination of acid and alkaline phosphatases.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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Gemma Mestres et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 8(3), 1169-1179 (2011-12-14)
α-Tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) is widely used as a reactant in calcium phosphate cements. This work aims at doping α-TCP with silicon with a twofold objective. On the one hand, to study the effect of Si addition on the stability and
Elucidating human phosphatase-substrate networks
Li X, et al.
Science Signaling, 6(275), rs10-rs10 (2013)
Tetsuya Harakuni et al.
Infection and immunity, 73(9), 5654-5665 (2005-08-23)
Noninvasive mucosal vaccines are attractive alternatives to parenteral vaccines. Although the conjugation of vaccine antigens with the B subunit of cholera toxin (CTB) is one of the most promising strategies for vaccine delivery to mucosal immune systems, the molecule cannot
Dissociation of bone resorption and bone formation in adult mice with a non-functional V-ATPase in osteoclasts leads to increased bone strength
Henriksen K, et al.
PLoS ONE, 6(11), e27482-e27482 (2011)
Evaluation of antibacterial, angiogenic, and osteogenic activities of green synthesized gap-bridging copper-doped nanocomposite coatings
Huang D, et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 12(11), 7483-7483 (2017)

Articles

Nitroblue Tetrazolium (NBT) is used with the alkaline phosphatase substrate 5-Bromo- 4-Chloro-3-Indolyl Phosphate (BCIP) in western blotting and immunohistological staining procedures. These substrate systems produce an insoluble NBT diformazan end product that is blue to purple in color and can be observed visually.

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