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SML1229

Sigma-Aldrich

2′,3′-cGAMP sodium salt

≥98% (HPLC)

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Synonym(s):
2′,5′-3′,5′-cGAMP, Cyclic [G(2′,5′)pA(3′,5′)p], cGAMP(2′-5′), c[G(2′,5′)pA(3′,5′)p] sodium salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H24N10O13P2 · xNa+
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
674.41 (free acid basis)
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

description

contains 0.5μmol of powder (approx. 0.335mg)

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

white to beige

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O=C1N=C(N)NC2=C1N=CN2[C@H](O3)[C@H](OP(OC[C@@H]4[C@@H](O5)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N6C=NC7=C6N=CN=C7N)O4)(O)=O)[C@H](O)[C@H]3COP5(O)=O

InChI

1S/C20H24N10O13P2/c21-14-8-15(24-3-23-14)29(4-25-8)18-11(32)12-7(41-18)2-39-45(36,37)43-13-10(31)6(1-38-44(34,35)42-12)40-19(13)30-5-26-9-16(30)27-20(22)28-17(9)33/h3-7,10-13,18-19,31-32H,1-2H2,(H,34,35)(H,36,37)(H2,21,23,24)(H3,22,27,28,33)/t6-,7-,10-,11-,12-,13-,18-,19-/m1/s1

InChI key

XRILCFTWUCUKJR-INFSMZHSSA-N

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2′,3′-cGAMP sodium salt ≥98% (HPLC)

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A-134974 dihydrochloride hydrate ≥98% (HPLC), solid

A2846

A-134974 dihydrochloride hydrate

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

99% (CP)

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

-

color

white to beige

color

-

color

white to beige

color

off-white to light tan

description

contains 0.5μmol of powder (approx. 0.335mg)

description

-

description

-

description

-

Application

2′,3′-cGAMP sodium salt has been used to identify small compounds capable of binding human stimulator of interferon genes (STING). It is also used to study type I interferon response to cytosolic DNA.

Biochem/physiol Actions

2′,3′-cGAMP (cyclic [G(2′,5′)pA(3′,5′)p]) is the natural agonist for the STING (STimulator of INterferon Genes) pathway, discovered to be a pathway for antiviral innate immunity. 2′3′-cGAMP is a second messenger produced in mammalian cells by the cytosolic DNA sensor cGAS (cGAMP synthase) to activate innate immune responses by binding to STING and initiating an interferon response. The affinity of 2′3′-cGAMP for human STING is much higher than that of the bacterial 3′3′-cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs), with a Kd of 4.59 nM compared to >1 μM for bacterial 3′3′-CDNs.

Preparation Note

2′,3′-cGAMP is soluble in water and aqueous buffers (>> 5 mM, limits have not been determined).

related product

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Qingyuan Zhu et al.
Antiviral research, 187, 105015-105015 (2021-01-15)
The newly emerged severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) coronavirus initiated a pneumonia outbreak (COVID-19) that rapidly spread worldwide and quickly became a public health emergency of international concern; However to date, except Remdesivir, there are no clinically approved specific or
Qingyuan Zhu et al.
Antiviral research, 183, 104933-104933 (2020-09-20)
Stimulator of interferon genes (STING), as a signaling hub in innate immunity, plays a central role for the effective initiation of host defense mechanisms against microbial infections. Upon binding of its ligand cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) produced by the cyclic GMP-AMP
Cuicui Ma et al.
Signal transduction and targeted therapy, 6(1), 353-353 (2021-10-02)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection continues to be a major threat to global public health, and new safe and efficacious vaccines are needed for prevention of infections caused by P. aeruginosa. X-ray irradiation has been used to prepare whole-cell inactivated vaccines against
Alice E Denton et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 216(3), 621-637 (2019-02-07)
Ectopic lymphoid structures form in a wide range of inflammatory conditions, including infection, autoimmune disease, and cancer. In the context of infection, this response can be beneficial for the host: influenza A virus infection-induced pulmonary ectopic germinal centers give rise
Samira Khiar et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 2561-2561 (2017-06-02)
The type I interferon response plays a pivotal role in host defense against infectious agents and tumors, and promising therapeutic approaches rely on small molecules designed to boost this system. To identify such compounds, we developed a high-throughput screening assay

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