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T8787

Sigma-Aldrich

Triton X-100

for molecular biology

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Synonym(s):
t-Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, Polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether
Linear Formula:
t-Oct-C6H4-(OCH2CH2)xOH, x= 9-10
CAS Number:
Beilstein:
2315025
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

synthetic (organic)

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

description

non-ionic

form

liquid

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000
average mol wt 625

aggregation number

100-155

technique(s)

protein purification: suitable
protein quantification: suitable
western blot: suitable

impurities

<1.00% water (Karl Fischer)

pH

9.7

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

mp

6 °C

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C
pour point ~7 °C

solubility

water: 0.1 mL/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

density

1.06 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Fe: <5 ppm
K: <0.05%
Na: <0.1%
heavy metals: <5 ppm

HLB

13.5

application(s)

hematology
histology

foreign activity

DNase and RNase, none detected

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)c1ccc(OCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO)cc1

InChI

1S/C28H50O8/c1-27(2,3)24-28(4,5)25-6-8-26(9-7-25)36-23-22-35-21-20-34-19-18-33-17-16-32-15-14-31-13-12-30-11-10-29/h6-9,29H,10-24H2,1-5H3

InChI key

HNLXNOZHXNSSPN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
T9284X1001.08603
Triton&#8482; X-100 for molecular biology

Sigma-Aldrich

T8787

Triton X-100

-
Triton&#8482; X-100 BioXtra

Sigma-Aldrich

T9284

Triton X-100

Premium Grade
Triton&#8482; X-100 laboratory grade

Sigma-Aldrich

X100

Triton X-100

-
Triton&#8482; X-100 for analysis

Millipore

1.08603

Triton X-100

-
grade

for molecular biology

grade

-

grade

laboratory grade

grade

-

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

description

-

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

aggregation number

100-155

aggregation number

100-155

aggregation number

100-155

aggregation number

100-155

General description

Triton X-100 is a common non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier which is often used in biochemical applications to solubilize proteins. It is considered a comparatively mild detergent, non-denaturing, and is reported in numerous references as a routinely added reagent. It is utilized for lysing cells to extract protein and cellular organelles. It can also permeabilize the living cell membrane for transfection.

Application

Triton X-100 has been used:
  • In immunohistochemistry for staining the Flat-mount retinas
  • Along with ice-cold PBS (phosphate buffered saline) in suspension of cells for cell DNA analysis and Annexin V assay
  • To permeabilise cells during Immunofluorescent microscopic studies
  • As a positive control in LDH assay to determine the cell membrane integrity
  • For estimating the lipase activity in postheparin plasma by using modified Belfrage and Vaughan radioenzymatic procedure
  • For the preparation of outer membrane protein exctract
  • As a component of extraction buffer along with tris-HCl, NaCl, CaCl2, ZnCl2, Brij 35 for homogenization of mice lung cells
  • In the treatment of tissue sections for Immunofluorescence labeling

Biochem/physiol Actions

Widely used non-ionic surfactant for recovery of membrane components under mild non-denaturing conditions.

Features and Benefits

  • Ideal for sensitive molecular biology research applications
  • Tested for DNase and RNase
  • Non-ionic nondenaturing detergent
  • Superior wetting agent and emulsifier
  • Highly versatile surfactant

Legal Information

Triton is a trademark of The Dow Chemical Company or an affiliated company of Dow

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

483.8 °F

Flash Point(C)

251 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 85(3), 1169-1174 (1998-09-08)
The purpose of this study was to determine the threshold of exercise energy expenditure necessary to change blood lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and lipoprotein lipase activity (LPLA) in healthy, trained men. On different days, 11 men (age, 26.7 +/- 6.1
Jean-Sébastien Joyal et al.
Blood, 117(22), 6024-6035 (2011-03-01)
The failure of blood vessels to revascularize ischemic neural tissue represents a significant challenge for vascular biology. Examples include proliferative retinopathies (PRs) such as retinopathy of prematurity and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, which are the leading causes of blindness in children
Effects of four different single exercise sessions on lipids, lipoproteins, and lipoprotein lipase.
Ferguson M A, et al.
Journal of Applied Physics, 85(3), 1169-1174 (1998)
Membrane dielectric changes indicate induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells more sensitively than surface phosphatidylserine expression or DNA fragmentation.
Wang X, et al.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1564(2), 412-420 (2002)
Silver nanoparticle-induced cytotoxicity in rat brain endothelial cell culture.
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