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  • Suppression of glutathione S-transferases potentiates the cytotoxic effect of phenethyl isothiocyanate in cholangiocarcinoma cells.

Suppression of glutathione S-transferases potentiates the cytotoxic effect of phenethyl isothiocyanate in cholangiocarcinoma cells.

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology (2018-04-19)
Ornanong Tusskorn, Tueanjai Khunluck, Auemduan Prawan, Laddawan Senggunprai, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan
ABSTRACT

Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) is a potential cancer prevention agent that is found in cruciferous vegetables. Previous studies have shown that the effect of PEITC-induced cell death declines rapidly after administration. The metabolic fate of PEITC is modulated by glutathione S-transferases (GST). In this study, we investigated whether GST activity modulates PEITC-induced cytotoxicity on cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells. The sensitivity of KKU-M214 and KKU-100 cells to PEITC was associated with GST activity. Two GST inhibitors, ethacrynic acid (EA) and cibacron blue, potentiated the cytotoxic effect of PEITC in CCA cells. PEITC-induced glutathione (GSH) depletion and redox stress, whereas EA itself or in combination with PEITC did not alter GSH redox status. The enhanced cytotoxic effect of EA may be due to inhibition of GST activity. This idea was validated by using siRNA directed against GSTP1 mRNA in KKU-M214 cells, and GSTP1 and GSTT1 mRNA in KKU-100 cells. These GST isoforms were abundantly expressed in the cell lines. Knockdown of GSTs in CCA cell lines potentiated the cytotoxic effect of PEITC. The present study shows that the antitumor effect of PEITC was potentiated by the suppression of GST activity. The inhibition of GST could be a crucial strategy to potentiate chemotherapeutic effect of PEITC on CCA.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
MISSION® esiRNA, targeting human GSTP1
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutathione Reductase from baker's yeast (S. cerevisiae), ammonium sulfate suspension, 100-300 units/mg protein (biuret)
Sigma-Aldrich
MISSION® esiRNA, targeting human GSTT1