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  • Behavioral alterations are associated with vitamin B12 deficiency in the transcobalamin receptor/CD320 KO mouse.

Behavioral alterations are associated with vitamin B12 deficiency in the transcobalamin receptor/CD320 KO mouse.

PloS one (2017-05-26)
Kaveri Arora, Jeffrey M Sequeira, Alejandro I Hernández, Juan M Alarcon, Edward V Quadros
ABSTRACT

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency is prevalent worldwide and causes megaloblastic anemia and neurologic deficits. While the anemia can be treated, the neurologic deficits can become refractive to treatment as the disease progresses. Therefore, timely intervention is critical for a favorable outcome. Moreover, the metabolic basis for the neuro-pathologic changes and the role of cobalamin deficiency in the pathology still remains unexplained. Using a transcobalamin receptor / CD320 knockout mouse that lacks the receptor for cellular uptake of transcobalamin bound cobalamin, we aimed to determine whether cobalamin deficiency in the central nervous system produced functional neurologic deficits in the mouse that would parallel those observed in humans. Our behavioral analyses indicate elevated anxiety and deficits in learning, memory and set-shifting of a spatial memory task in the KO mouse. Consistent with the behavioral deficits, the knockout mouse shows impaired expression of the early phase of hippocampal long-term potentiation along with reduced expression of GluR1, decreased brain mass and a significant reduction in the size of nuclei of the hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Our study suggests that the CD320 knockout mouse develops behavioral deficits associated with cobalamin deficiency and therefore could provide a model to understand the metabolic and genetic basis of neuro-pathologic changes due to cobalamin deficiency.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-GluR2 Antibody, from rabbit, purified by affinity chromatography