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  • Loss of neural crest-associated gene FOXD1 impairs melanoma invasion and migration via RAC1B downregulation.

Loss of neural crest-associated gene FOXD1 impairs melanoma invasion and migration via RAC1B downregulation.

International journal of cancer (2018-08-16)
Huizi Wu, Lionel Larribère, Qian Sun, Daniel Novak, Sachindra Sachindra, Karol Granados, Viktor Umansky, Jochen Utikal
ABSTRACT

Recent studies suggest that malignant melanoma heterogeneity includes subpopulations of cells with features of multipotent neural crest (NC) cells. Zebrafish and mouse models have shown that reactivation of neural crest-specific pathways during transformation determines the invasiveness of melanoma cells. In our study, we show that the neural crest-associated transcription factor FOXD1 plays a key role in the invasion and the migration capacities of metastatic melanomas both in vivo and in vitro. Gene expression profiling analysis identified both an upregulation of FOXD1 in NC and melanoma cells, as well as a downregulation of several genes related to cell invasion in FOXD1 knockdown cells, including MMP9 and RAC1B. Furthermore, we demonstrate that knockdown of RAC1B a tumor-specific isoform of RAC1, significantly impaired melanoma cell migration and invasion and could abrogate enhanced invasiveness induced by FOXD1 overexpression. We conclude that FOXD1 may influence invasion and migration via indirect regulation of MMP9 and RAC1B alternative splicing in melanoma cells.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Rac1b Antibody, Upstate®, from rabbit