MilliporeSigma
  • Cell-Type-Specific Proteomics Analysis of a Small Number of Plant Cells by Integrating Laser Capture Microdissection with a Nanodroplet Sample Processing Platform.

Cell-Type-Specific Proteomics Analysis of a Small Number of Plant Cells by Integrating Laser Capture Microdissection with a Nanodroplet Sample Processing Platform.

Current protocols (2021-05-28)
Vimal K Balasubramanian, Samuel O Purvine, Yiran Liang, Ryan T Kelly, Ljiljana Pasa-Tolic, William B Chrisler, Eduardo Blumwald, C Neal Stewart, Ying Zhu, Amir H Ahkami
ABSTRACT

Plant organs and tissues contain multiple cell types, which are well organized in 3-dimensional structure to efficiently perform physiological functions such as homeostasis and response to environmental perturbation and pathogen infection. It is critically important to perform molecular measurements at the cell-type-specific level to discover mechanisms and unique features of cell populations that govern differentiation and respond to external perturbations. Although mass spectrometry-based proteomics has been demonstrated as an enabling discovery tool for studying plant physiology, conventional approaches require millions of cells to generate robust biological conclusions. Such requirements mask the cell-to-cell heterogeneities and limit the comprehensive profiling of plant proteins at spatially resolved and cell-type-specific resolutions. This article describes a recently developed proteomics workflow for studying a small number of plant cells by integrating laser capture microdissection, microfluidic nanodroplet-based sample preparation, and ultrasensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Using poplar as a model tree species, we provide detailed protocols, including plant leaf and root tissue harvest, sample preparation, cryosectioning, laser microdissection, protein digestion, mass spectrometry measurement, and data analysis. We show that the workflow enables the precise identification and quantification of thousands of proteins from hundreds of isolated plant root and leaf cells. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Plant tissue fixation and embedding Support Protocol 1: Preparation of 2.5% CMC solution Support Protocol 2: Slow freezing of CMC blocks to avoid crack development in the block Basic Protocol 2: Preparation of cryosections Alternate Protocol: Using a vacuum manifold to dehydrate the cryosection slides (primarily for root tissues) Basic Protocol 3: Laser capture microdissection of specific types of plant cells Basic Protocol 4: Nanodroplet-based sample preparation for ultrasensitive proteomic analysis Support Protocol 3: Fabrication of nanowell chips Basic Protocol 5: Liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Millipore
Seppro Ammonium Bicarbonate Buffer
Sigma-Aldrich
Mg2+ Lysis/Wash Buffer, 5X