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  • Flow cytometry analysis of immune and glial cells in a trigeminal neuralgia rat model.

Flow cytometry analysis of immune and glial cells in a trigeminal neuralgia rat model.

Scientific reports (2021-12-09)
Junjin Lin, Luxi Zhou, Zhaoke Luo, Madeha Ishag Adam, Li Zhao, Feng Wang, Daoshu Luo
ABSTRACT

Microvascular compression of the trigeminal root entry zone (TREZ) is the main cause of most primary trigeminal neuralgia (TN), change of glial plasticity was previously studied in the TREZ of TN rat model induced by chronic compression. To better understand the role of astrocytes and immune cells in the TREZ, different cell markers including glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), complement C3, S100A10, CD45, CD11b, glutamate-aspartate transporter (GLAST), Iba-1 and TMEM119 were used in the TN rat model by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. On the post operation day 28, GFAP/C3-positive A1 astrocytes and GFAP/S100A10-positive A2 astrocytes were activated in the TREZ after compression injury, there were no statistical differences in the ratios of A1/A2 astrocytes between the sham and TN groups. There was no significant difference in Iba-1-positive cells between the two groups. The ratios of infiltrating lymphocytes (CD45+CD11b-) (p = 0.0075) and infiltrating macrophages (CD45highCD11b+) (p = 0.0388) were significantly higher than those of the sham group. In conclusion, different subtypes A1/A2 astrocytes in the TREZ were activated after compression injury, infiltrating macrophages and lymphocytes increased, these neuroimmune cells in the TREZ may participate in the pathogenesis of TN rat model.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-GFAP Antibody, Cy3 Conjugate, from mouse, CY3 conjugate