MilliporeSigma
  • Tetramethylpyrazine prevents liver fibrotic injury in mice by targeting hepatocyte-derived and mitochondrial DNA-enriched extracellular vesicles.

Tetramethylpyrazine prevents liver fibrotic injury in mice by targeting hepatocyte-derived and mitochondrial DNA-enriched extracellular vesicles.

Acta pharmacologica Sinica (2022-01-15)
Ya-Jing Li, Run-Ping Liu, Ming-Ning Ding, Qi Zheng, Jian-Zhi Wu, Xiao-Yong Xue, Yi-Qing Gu, Bo-Ning Ma, Ya-Jie Cai, Shuo Li, Sheng Lin, Lu-Yong Zhang, Xiaojiaoyang Li
ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is the common consequence of almost all liver diseases and has become an urgent clinical problem without efficient therapies. Recent evidence has shown that hepatocytes-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) play important roles in liver pathophysiology, but little is known about the role of damaged hepatocytes-derived EVs in hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and following fibrosis. Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) from Ligusticum wallichii Franchat exhibits a broad spectrum of biological activities including liver protection. In this study, we investigated whether TMP exerted liver-protective action through regulating EV-dependent intercellular communication between hepatocytes and HSCs. Chronic liver injury was induced in mice by CCl4 (1.6 mg/kg, i.g.) twice a week for 8 weeks. In the last 4 weeks of CCl4 administration, mice were given TMP (40, 80, 160 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.g.). Acute liver injury was induced in mice by injection of a single dose of CCl4 (0.8 mg/kg, i.p.). After injection, mice were treated with TMP (80 mg/kg) every 24 h. We showed that TMP treatment dramatically ameliorated CCl4-induced oxidative stress and hepatic inflammation as well as acute or chronic liver fibrosis. In cultured mouse primary hepatocytes (MPHs), treatment with CCl4 or acetaminophen resulted in mitochondrial dysfunction, release of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from injured hepatocytes to adjacent hepatocytes and HSCs through EVs, mediating hepatocyte damage and fibrogenic responses in activated HSCs; pretreatment of MPHs with TMP (25 μM) prevented all these pathological effects. Transplanted serum EVs from TMP-treated mice prevented both initiation and progression of liver fibrosis caused by CCl4. Taken together, this study unravels the complex mechanisms underlying the protective effects of TMP against mtDNA-containing EV-mediated hepatocyte injury and HSC activation during liver injury, and provides critical evidence inspiring the development of TMP-based innovative therapeutic agents for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-DNA Antibody, clone AC-30-10, clone AC-30-10, Chemicon®, from mouse