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  • Characterization of mixed alcohol monolayers adsorbed onto a Au(111) electrode using electro-fluorescence microscopy.

Characterization of mixed alcohol monolayers adsorbed onto a Au(111) electrode using electro-fluorescence microscopy.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids (2006-05-03)
Jeff L Shepherd, Dan Bizzotto
ABSTRACT

A single-crystal Au(111) electrode modified with an adsorbed layer of 1-octadecanol (C18OH) or oleyl alcohol (OLA) in pure or mixed composition was characterized using electrochemical and in situ fluorescence microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry and differential capacitance measurements revealed a repeatable, potential-induced adsorption/desorption process of the surfactant to/from the electrode surface while charge density and film pressure measurements indicated quasi-ideal mixing of the two adsorbed alcohols. A layer less defective than pure C18OH was created with incorporated OLA. Optical characterization was accomplished using epi-fluorescence microscopy combined with electrochemistry (electro-fluorescence microscopy) through the incorporation of two fluorescent probes into the adsorbed surfactant layer. Since molecular luminescence is quenched by a nearby metal, fluorescence was only observed when the fluorescent dye/alcohol layers were desorbed and therefore separated from the metal surface. When desorbed, the structure of the alcohol layers were similar in character, revealing aggregated features which did not change in morphology over numerous desorption/re-adsorption cycles. We have also used the electro-fluorescence technique to estimate the distance separating the metal and desorbed surfactant and believe that the molecules are displaced from the electrode surface by a distance not more than 40 nm.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Oleyl alcohol, ≥99% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Oleyl alcohol, technical grade, 85%
Stearyl alcohol, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Supelco
Stearyl Alcohol, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
1-Octadecanol, Selectophore, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Octadecanol, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Octadecanol, ReagentPlus®, 99%