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  • Electrochemical immunosensor with graphene quantum dots and apoferritin-encapsulated Cu nanoparticles double-assisted signal amplification for detection of avian leukosis virus subgroup J.

Electrochemical immunosensor with graphene quantum dots and apoferritin-encapsulated Cu nanoparticles double-assisted signal amplification for detection of avian leukosis virus subgroup J.

Biosensors & bioelectronics (2013-04-11)
Xindong Wang, Lijian Chen, Xiurong Su, Shiyun Ai
ABSTRACT

A novel sandwich electrochemical immunoassay was developed for ultrasensitive detection of avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALVs-J) using graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and apoferritin-encapsulated Cu (Cu-apoferritin) nanoparticles for signal amplification. GQDs were used both for the conjugation of primary ALVs-J antibodies (Ab1), and immobilization of secondary ALVs-J antibodies (Ab2) after compounded with Fe3O4. Cu-apoferritin nanoparticles were first selected to immobilize onto Fe3O4@GQDs hybrid as electroactive probes. After the well-known sandwich-type assembly, Cu was released from the apoferritin cavity, and then detected by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). Owing to the huge surface area GQDs provided, a considerable number of antibodies were loaded onto the immunosensor, which effectively increased the electrical signal. And the introduction of Cu-apoferritin nanoparticles increased the loading amount of electroactive probes significantly; hence the signal was once again amplified. To embody the signal amplification property of the protocol, the performance of various labels was compared in detail. The immunosensor displayed excellent analytical performance for the detection of ALVs-J range from 10(2.08) to 10(4.50)TCID50/mL with a detection limit of 115TCID50/mL (S/N=3), and the resulting immunosensor also showed high sensitivity, good reproducibility and stability.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Apoferritin from equine spleen, 0.2 μm filtered
Sigma-Aldrich
Apoferritin from equine spleen