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  • Shielding Upconversion by Surface Coating: A Study of the Emission Enhancement Factor.

Shielding Upconversion by Surface Coating: A Study of the Emission Enhancement Factor.

Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry (2015-10-01)
Tianying Sun, Ronghua Ma, Xvsheng Qiao, Xianping Fan, Feng Wang
ABSTRACT

Surface coating is a commonly used strategy to enhance upconversion emissions by shielding the luminescent core from surface quenching. In this work, we provide insights into the effect of surface coating on upconversion by investigating NaYF4 :Yb/Er nanoparticles and the corresponding NaYF4 :Yb/Er@NaYF4 core-shell nanoparticles, as a function of dopant concentration of Yb(3+) and excitation power. We observe declining emission enhancement factors with decreasing Yb(3+) concentration and increasing excitation power. Our mechanistic investigations suggest that the phenomenon originates from stepwise excitation in the upconversion process, as well as energy hopping among the Yb(3+) dopants. This increased understanding of the effect of surface coating on upconversion should be important towards the rational design of lanthanide-doped core-shell nanoparticles for various applications.

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