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  • Transcription factor NF-kappa B represses ANT1 transcription and leads to mitochondrial dysfunctions.

Transcription factor NF-kappa B represses ANT1 transcription and leads to mitochondrial dysfunctions.

Scientific reports (2017-03-21)
Chen Zhang, Hui Jiang, Pin Wang, Heng Liu, Xiulian Sun
ABSTRACT

Mitochondria are intracellular organelles involved in cell survival and death, and dysfunctions of mitochondria are related to neurodegenerative diseases. As the most abundant protein in the mitochondrial inner membrane, adenine nucleotide translocator 1 (ANT1) plays a critical role in mitochondrial function, including the exchange of adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate (ATP/ADP) in mitochondria, basal proton leak and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). Here, we show that ANT1 transcription is regulated by transcription factor NF-kappa B (NF-κB). NF-κB is bound to two NF-κB responsive elements (NREs) located at +1 to +20 bp and +41 to +61 bp in the ANT1 promoter. An NF-κB signalling stimulator, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), suppresses ANT1 mRNA and protein expression. Activation of NF-κB by TNFα impairs ATP/ADP exchange and decreases ATP production in mitochondria. Activation of NF-κB by TNFα decreases calcium induced mPTP opening, elevates mitochondrial potential and increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in both T98G human glioblastoma cells and rat cortical neurons. These results demonstrate that NF-κB signalling may repress ANT1 gene transcription and impair mitochondrial functions.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) Assay Kit, Contains all necessary reagents to perform 22 individual chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) reactions using inexpensive protein A agarose beads.
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(ethylene glycol), BioUltra, 8,000
Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal ANTI-FLAG® M2 antibody produced in mouse, 1 mg/mL, clone M2, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution (50% glycerol, 10 mM sodium phosphate, and 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.4)