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  • Development and validation of an extraction method for the analysis of perfluoroalkyl substances in human hair.

Development and validation of an extraction method for the analysis of perfluoroalkyl substances in human hair.

Chemosphere (2017-02-27)
Da-Hye Kim, Jeong-Eun Oh
ABSTRACT

Human hair has many advantages as a non-invasive sample; however, analytical methods for detecting perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in human hair are still in the development stage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and validate a method for monitoring 11 PFASs in human hair. Solid-phase extraction (SPE), ion-pairing extraction (IPE), a combined method (SPE+IPE) and solvent extraction with ENVI-carb clean-up were compared to develop an optimal extraction method using two types of hair sample (powder and piece forms). Analysis of PFASs was performed using liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. Among the four different extraction procedures, the SPE method using powdered hair showed the best extraction efficiency and recoveries ranged from 85.8 to 102%. The method detection limits for the SPE method were 0.114-0.796 ng/g and good precision (below 10%) and accuracy (66.4-110%) were obtained. In light of these results, SPE is considered the optimal method for PFAS extraction from hair. It was also successfully used to detect PFASs in human hair samples.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Supel QuE, PSA/ENVI-Carb (EN) Cleanup Tube 1, pack of 100, suitable for EN 15662:2008 per BS
Supelco
Supel QuE, PSA/ENVI-Carb (EN) Cleanup Tube 2, pack of 100, suitable for EN 15662:2008 per BS
Supelco
Supel QuE, PSA/C18/ENVI-Carb Tube, pack of 100, AOAC® 2007.01
Supelco
Supel QuE, PSA/ENVI-Carb Tube 2, pk of 50, suitable for EN 15662:2008 per BS, centrifuge tube volume 15 mL , Shaker Compatible
Supelco
Supel QuE, PSA/C18/ENVI-Carb Tube, pk of 50, AOAC® 2007.01, centrifuge tube volume 15 mL , Shaker Compatible
Supelco
Supel QuE, PSA/ENVI-Carb Tube 1, pk of 50, suitable for EN 15662:2008 per BS, centrifuge tube volume 15 mL , Shaker Compatible