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  • Determination of a new 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, zileuton, and its inactive N-dehydroxylated metabolite in plasma by high performance liquid chromatography.

Determination of a new 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, zileuton, and its inactive N-dehydroxylated metabolite in plasma by high performance liquid chromatography.

Clinical pharmacokinetics (1995-01-01)
G R Granneman, R A Braeckman, K A Erdman
ABSTRACT

A rapid and sensitive assay was developed for the measurement of plasma concentrations of zileuton racemate, a potent inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase. Zileuton and its inactive N-dehydroxylated metabolite were extracted from human, monkey, and rat plasma by use of a solid-phase extraction column (Analytichem Bond Elut). The compounds were then separated by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on a Supelcosil LC-18 column and quantified on the basis of ultraviolet absorption at 260nm relative to an internal standard. The extraction recovery of zileuton, as determined by HPLC assay, was 77.9 +/- 1.7%. Recovery of the metabolite was 85.8 +/- 0.7%. Calibration curves for both compounds were linear over the zileuton concentration range 0.01 to 10.0 mg/L (correlation coefficients > 0.987), while the intra- and interassay coefficients of variation were < 15.6%. In practice, > 97% of blinded daily spiked control samples for zileuton and > 90% of those for the metabolite were within 10% of their target concentrations.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-18-S HPLC Column, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 15 cm × 4.6 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-18-S HPLC Column, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 25 cm × 2.1 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-NH2-NP HPLC Column, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 25 cm × 4.6 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-18-S HPLC Column, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 25 cm × 4.6 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-NH2-NP Supelguard Cartridge, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 2 cm × 4 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-18 Supelguard Cartridge, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 2 cm × 4 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-18 Supelguard Cartridge, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 2 cm × 4 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-18 Supelguard Cartridge, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 2 cm × 3 mm
Supelco
SUPELCOSIL LC-18 Supelguard Cartridge, 5 μm particle size, L × I.D. 2 cm × 2.1 mm