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17-10191

Sigma-Aldrich

Cell Comb Scratch Assay

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Synonym(s):
Cell layer wound repair assay
eCl@ss:
32161000

manufacturer/tradename

Cell Comb
Chemicon®
QCM

Quality Level

technique(s)

activity assay: suitable
cell based assay: suitable
western blot: suitable

shipped in

ambient

General description

Read our application note in Nature Methods!
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Cell migration can be studied by a variety of methods, but the scratch assay remains a highly popular method due to the simplicity of the required materials, experimental setup, data collection and interpretation (Lian, C., et al., 2007; Cory, G., 2011). The scratch assay is typically initiated by scratching a confluent cell monolayer with a pipette tip to create a narrow wound-like gap. Shortly after wounding, the cells at the edge of the wound initiate a program to migrate into the gap, a process that continues until the gap has been completely repopulated with cells. Extent of wound closure is typically observed through light microscopy and protein expression patterns that occur during the wound healing process can be characterized by immunofluorescence.

Advances in understanding the repair mechanisms of wounded cell monolayers have been facilitated by the development of methods for performing the assay in multiwell plates. Such methods include delivering wounds to existing monolayers in the wells, or occlusion of the center of the well during monolayer formation to create a gap (Yarrow, J.C., et al., 2004; Simpson K.J., et al., 2008; Gough, W., et al., 2011). Each method then involves quantification of the extent of cell migration into the gap.

However, these methods are not optimal for biochemical analysis of the molecular events mediating wound repair. For example, the small scale of a basic pipette tip-derived wound provides insufficient and inadequate material for biochemical analysis. Using the same pipette tip to scratch a cell monolayer in a larger plate is tedious and irreproducible, and the proportion of migrating cells to quiescent cells is low. Several methods have been described to scale up the scratch assay by creating multiple wounds in cell monolayers but these methods require specialized tools (Turchi, L., et al., 2002; Lauder, H., et al., 1998).

EMD Millipore has developed the Cell Comb Scratch Assay to address the need for an easy-to-use tool for creating multiple scratch wounds. The patent pending Cell Comb<TMSYMBOL></TMSYMBOL> has been optimized to apply a high density field of scratches to maximize the area of wound edges, while leaving sufficient numbers of undamaged cells to migrate into the gap. This form of high density wounding creates a high proportion of migrating cells to quiescent monolayer cells, which permits sensitive detection of the biochemical events occurring, specifically in the migrating cell population.

Application

EMD Millipore′s patent pending Cell Comb Scratch Assay addresses the need for an easy-to-use tool for creating multiple scratch wounds, The Cell Comb has been optimized to apply a high density field of scratches to maximize the area of wound edges, while leaving sufficient numbers of undamaged cells to migrate into the gap. This form of high density wounding creates a high proportion of migrating cells to quiescent monolayer cells, which permits sensitive detection of the biochemical events occurring, specifically in the migrating cell population.
Research Category
Cell Structure
This Cell Comb Scratch Assay has been optimized to apply a high density field of scratches to maximize the area of wound edges, while leaving sufficient undamaged cells to migrate into the gap.

Packaging

Enough Materials to Perform 6 Scratch Assays

Components

Cell Combs: Quantity of 6 individually packaged, disposable combs.

Rectangular Cell Culture Plates: Quantity of 6 individually packaged, cell culture-treated 86 mm x 128 mm plates.

The Cell Combs and Cell Culture Plates have been subjected to E-beam irradiation in order to minimize the possibility of contamination.

Storage and Stability

Store Cell Combs and Cell Culture Plates at room temperature. Use within 1 year from date of receipt.

Legal Information

CELL COMB is a trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
CHEMICON is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids


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