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265005

Sigma-Aldrich

Dexamethasone

Most active and highly stable glucocorticoid.

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Synonym(s):
Dexamethasone, 9α-Fluoro-16α-methylprednisolone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H29FO5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
392.46
MDL number:

Quality Level

Assay

≥99% (TLC)

form

solid

manufacturer/tradename

Calbiochem®

storage condition

OK to freeze

color

white

solubility

DMSO: 25 mg/mL
chloroform: soluble
ethanol: soluble

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI

1S/C22H29FO5/c1-12-8-16-15-5-4-13-9-14(25)6-7-19(13,2)21(15,23)17(26)10-20(16,3)22(12,28)18(27)11-24/h6-7,9,12,15-17,24,26,28H,4-5,8,10-11H2,1-3H3/t12-,15+,16+,17+,19+,20+,21+,22+/m1/s1

InChI key

UREBDLICKHMUKA-CXSFZGCWSA-N

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This Item
D9184D889331375
Dexamethasone Most active and highly stable glucocorticoid.

Sigma-Aldrich

265005

Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone meets USP testing specifications

Sigma-Aldrich

D9184

Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone powder, γ-irradiated, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture, ≥80% (HPLC)

Sigma-Aldrich

D8893

Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone tested according to Ph. Eur.

Sigma-Aldrich

31375

Dexamethasone

form

solid

form

solid

form

powder

form

solid

manufacturer/tradename

Calbiochem®

manufacturer/tradename

-

manufacturer/tradename

-

manufacturer/tradename

-

storage condition

OK to freeze

storage condition

-

storage condition

-

storage condition

-

color

white

color

-

color

-

color

-

solubility

DMSO: 25 mg/mL, chloroform: soluble, ethanol: soluble

solubility

-

solubility

ethanol: 1 mL/vial, clear

solubility

water: soluble 10mg/100 ml at 25 °C, acetone: very slightly soluble, alcohol: very slightly soluble, chloroform: slightly soluble, diethyl ether: very slightly soluble, dioxane: very slightly soluble, methanol: very slightly soluble

General description

Most active and highly stable glucocorticoid. Causes a reduction in cyclin A and Cdk2 activity, and inhibition of G1/S transition in osteoblasts. Inhibits the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. Inhibits the expression of inducible but not constitutive nitric oxide synthase in vascular endothelial cells (IC50 = 5 nM). Enhances active cation transport in aortic smooth muscle cells by stimulating the Na+ - K+ pump. Induces apoptosis in human thymocytes.
Most active and highly stable glucocorticoid. Inhibits the expression of inducible but not constitutive nitric oxide synthase in vascular endothelial cells (IC50 = 5 nM). Enhances active cation transport in aortic smooth muscle cells by stimulating the Na+-K+ pump. Has anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic properties. Induces apoptosis in human thymocytes. In general, 500-1000 nM of dexamethasone is sufficient to induce apoptosis following a 6 h incubation at 37°C.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell permeable: no
Primary Target
Phosphorylation of rb protein
Product does not compete with ATP.
Reversible: no
Target IC50: 5 nM Inhibiting the expression of inducible but not constitutive nitric oxide synthase in vascular endothelial cells

Warning

Toxicity: Carcinogenic / Teratogenic (D)

Reconstitution

Following reconstitution, aliquot and freeze (-20°C). Stock solutions are stable for up to 2 months at -20°C.

Other Notes

Reil, T.D., et al. 2000. J. Surg. Res.92, 108.
Smith, E., et al. 2000. J.Biol. Chem. 275, 1992.
Petit, P.X., et al. 1995. J. Cell Biol.130, 157.
Stern, N., et al. 1994. Am. J. Hypertens. 7, 146.
Donis, J.A., et al. 1993. Biotechniques15, 786.
Ohoka, Y., et al. 1993. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.197, 916.
Sarin, A., et al. 1993. J. Exp. Med.178, 1693.
Vandewalle, A., et al. 1993. J. Cell Physiol.156, 383.
Nieto, M.A., et al. 1992. Clin. Exp. Immunol.88, 341.
Walsh, D., and Avashia, J. 1992. Cleveland Clin. J. Med. 59, 505.
Warters, R.L. 1992. Cancer Res.52, 883.
Sperber, K., et al. 1991. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.87, 490.
Radomski, M.W., et al. 1990. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87, 10043.
Bettger, W.J., et al. 1981. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA78, 5588.

Legal Information

CALBIOCHEM is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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Arif Yurdagul et al.
Cell metabolism, 31(3), 518-533 (2020-02-01)
Continual efferocytic clearance of apoptotic cells (ACs) by macrophages prevents necrosis and promotes injury resolution. How continual efferocytosis is promoted is not clear. Here, we show that the process is optimized by linking the metabolism of engulfed cargo from initial

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