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16018

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

≥96.0% (calc. on dry substance, T)

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Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969616
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥96.0% (calc. on dry substance, T)
88.0-92.0% (alkalimetric)

form

solid
viscous liquid

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

expl. lim.

8.6 %

impurities

≤0.0003% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.03% non-volatile matter
8-11% water (Karl Fischer)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Fe: ≤1 mg/kg

suitability

corresponds for identity

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GABRA1(2554)

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1 of 4

This Item
1854501601616017
vibrant-m

16018

Phenol

vibrant-m

185450

Phenol

vibrant-m

16016

Phenol

vibrant-m

16017

Phenol

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

form

solid, viscous liquid

form

crystalline (flakes), crystalline (solid), crystals

form

crystalline (detached)

form

solid

bp

182 °C (lit.)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.
Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed. It can undergo oxidation in the presence of Fentons′ reagent in aqueous solution.

Application

Phenol may be employed for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis. It may be used in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantitative estimation of ammonia.
Phenol may be used in the following processes:
  • As a phase-transfer catalyst in electrolyte solutions of lithium-O2 battery to promote solution phase discharge.
  • Preparation of phenol-sulfuric acid reagent for colorimetric determination of total sugar content.

Packaging

bottled under inert gas

Other Notes

The article number 16018-4X5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 16018-5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 16018-6X1L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 16018-1L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

Related product

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signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

174.2 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

79 °C - closed cup

ppe

Faceshields, Gloves, Goggles, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Phenol

Carbohydrate analysis by a phenol-sulfuric acid method in microplate format.
Masuko T, et al.
Analytical Biochemistry, 339(1), 69-72 (2005)
Chemical pathway and kinetics of phenol oxidation by Fenton's reagent.
Zazo JA, et al.
Environmental Science & Technology, 39(23), 9295-9302 (2005)
Phenol-Catalyzed Discharge in the Aprotic Lithium-Oxygen Battery.
Gao X, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2017)
Tyman JHP.
Synthetic and Natural Phenols., 1-1 (1996)
Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia.
Weatherburn M W.
Analytical Chemistry, 39(8), 971-974 (1967)

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