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221465

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium hydroxide

ACS reagent, ≥97.0%, pellets

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Synonym(s):
‘Caustic soda’
Linear Formula:
NaOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

agency

suitable for DIN 38407-42
suitable for EPA 1621
suitable for EPA 533
suitable for EPA 8327
suitable for EPA OTM-45
suitable for SM 4500 - NH3

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C)
3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

assay

≥97.0%

form

pellets

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable
titration: suitable

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds
≤0.02% NH4OH ppt.
≤1.0% Na2CO3

mp

318 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 1,260 g/L at 20 °C

density

2.13 g/cm3 at 20 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.005%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

Fe: ≤0.001%
Hg: ≤0.1 ppm
K: ≤0.02%
Ni: ≤0.001%
heavy metals (as Ag): ≤0.002%

SMILES string

[OH-].[Na+]

InChI

1S/Na.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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1 of 4

This Item
71690306576757527
vibrant-m

221465

Sodium hydroxide

vibrant-m

71690

Sodium hydroxide

vibrant-m

306576

Sodium hydroxide

vibrant-m

757527

Sodium hydroxide

grade

ACS reagent

grade

ACS reagent, puriss. p.a.

grade

semiconductor grade

grade

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

agency

suitable for DIN 38407-42, suitable for EPA 533, suitable for EPA OTM-45, suitable for EPA 1621, suitable for SM 4500 - NH3, suitable for EPA 8327

agency

-

agency

-

agency

-

cation traces

Fe: ≤0.001%, K: ≤0.02%, heavy metals (as Ag): ≤0.002%, Hg: ≤0.1 ppm, Ni: ≤0.001%

cation traces

Ag: ≤5 mg/kg, Al: ≤5 mg/kg, Ba: ≤5 mg/kg, Bi: ≤5 mg/kg, Ca: ≤5 mg/kg, Cd: ≤5 mg/kg, Co: ≤5 mg/kg, Cr: ≤5 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤5 mg/kg, Hg: ≤0.1 mg/kg, K: ≤200 mg/kg, Li: ≤5 mg/kg, Mg: ≤5 mg/kg, Mn: ≤5 mg/kg, Mo: ≤5 mg/kg, Ni: ≤5 mg/kg, Pb: ≤5 mg/kg, Sr: ≤5 mg/kg, Tl: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

-

cation traces

-

mp

318 °C (lit.)

mp

318 °C (lit.)

mp

318 °C (lit.)

mp

318 °C (lit.)

General description

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) also known as caustic soda is a water soluble inorganic base with a wide range of industrial application such as titration, dissolution testing and in impinger to remove acidic gases. It participates in the oxidation of glycerol catalyzed by Au/charcoal or Au/graphite. It participates in solvent-free aldol condensation reaction.

Application

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) was used in the following processes:
  • Preparation of sodium 3,3′-bis(sulfonato)-4,4′-bis(chloroacetamido)azobenzene (BSBCA) that is utilized in protein cross-linking techniques.
  • Preparation of electrolyte solution to study the effect of electrolyte composition on the conversion of CO2 to CO by electrochemical reduction.
  • Preparation of CSK (cytoskeleton) buffer for the three-dimensional (3D) slide method of preserving the 3D chromatin structure of testicular germ cells.
  • Synthesis of ZSMs (zeolite socony mobils).
Sodium hydroxide may be employed for the deterimination of specific surface area of colloidal silica, via titration. It may be employed for the direct oxidation of sodium borohydride, which was investigated by cyclic and linear voltammetry, chronoamperometry and chronopotentiometry. It may be used to prepare citrate buffer and borate buffer. It may be used in the synthesis of :
  • alkylaryl amidosulfobetaines
  • (3 -[4-teroctylphenoxyethoxyethoxyethyl] dimethylammonio propane sulfonate (XOSB)
  • trisulfobetaines (TriSBn)
Sodium hydroxide may be used as a base in titration methods, dissolution testing, for adjusting pH and in the impinger to remove acidic gases.
It may be used in the following processes:
  • Conversion of glycerol to glyceric acid in the presence of gold catalyst.
  • Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction between vinylalkoxysilanes and aryl bromides or chlorides to form styrenes.

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

pictograms

Corrosion

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Light-mediated Reversible Modulation of the Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Pathway during Cell Differentiation and Xenopus Embryonic Development.
Krishnamurthy VV, et al.
Journal of Visualized Experiments, 124, e55823-e55823 (2017)
Synthesis of zeolite socony mobil from blue silica gel and rice husk ash as catalysts for hydrothermal liquefaction.
Danardono AES and Mansur FA.
Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 10(8), 982-993 (2015)
Satoshi H Namekawa
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (83)(83), e50819-e50819 (2014-01-25)
During testicular germ cell differentiation, the structure of nuclear chromatin dynamically changes. The following describes a method designed to preserve the three-dimensional chromatin arrangement of testicular germ cells found in mice; this method has been termed as the three-dimensional (3D)
The First Fluoride-Free Hiyama Reaction of Vinylsiloxanes Promoted by Sodium Hydroxide in Water.
Alacid E &amp; Najera C
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 348(15), 2085-2091 (2006)
Selective oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid using a gold catalyst in aqueous sodium hydroxide.
Carrettin S, et al.
Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England), 7, 696-697 (2002)

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