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71687

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium hydroxide

BioUltra, for luminescence, ≥98.0% (T), pellets

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Synonym(s):
Caustic Lye, Caustic Soda, Soda Lye, Sodium Hydrate, ‘Caustic soda’
Linear Formula:
NaOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

grade

for luminescence

Quality Level

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C)
3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥98.0% (T)

form

pellets

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

insoluble matter, passes filter test
≤0.0003% total nitrogen (N)
≤0.0005% silicon dioxide (SiO2)
≤1.0% sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

mp

318 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

density

2.13 g/cm3

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤70 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤5 mg/kg
Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
Hg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤500 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

[OH-].[Na+]

λ

1 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.015
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01

suitability

in accordance for luminescence

InChI

1S/Na.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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1 of 4

This Item
S804571690221465
vibrant-m

71687

Sodium hydroxide

vibrant-m

S8045

Sodium hydroxide

vibrant-m

71690

Sodium hydroxide

vibrant-m

221465

Sodium hydroxide

assay

≥98.0% (T)

assay

≥98% (acidimetric)

assay

≥98.0% (T)

assay

≥97.0%

grade

for luminescence

grade

-

grade

ACS reagent, puriss. p.a.

grade

ACS reagent

solubility

H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

solubility

H2O: 1 M, clear, colorless

solubility

water: soluble 1,260 g/L at 20 °C

solubility

water: soluble 1,260 g/L at 20 °C

impurities

insoluble matter, passes filter test, ≤0.0005% silicon dioxide (SiO2), ≤0.0003% total nitrogen (N), ≤1.0% sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

impurities

≤0.0005% Phosphorus (P), ≤0.1% Insoluble matter

impurities

≤0.0003% total nitrogen (N), ≤0.0005% silicon dioxide (SiO2), ≤1.0% sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds, ≤0.02% NH4OH ppt., ≤1.0% Na2CO3

form

pellets

form

pellets (anhydrous)

form

pellets

form

pellets

General description

Sodium Hydroxide, also known as caustic soda or lye, is a white crystalline odorless solid which is corrosive and absorbs moisture from the air. When dissolved in water, Sodium Hydroxide generates heat to ignite combustible materials. In the form of pellets, Sodium Hydroxide, when dissolved, forms a colorless liquid, denser than water.

Application

Sodium Hydroxide is generally used in the solid or 50% solution form. It is suitable for use at various stages of soaps, paper, rayon, and petroleum product manufacturing. It is also used in carbohydrate research using FTIR analysis. Sodium Hydroxide is used as a pre-treatment reagent to study enzymatic hydrolysis.

pictograms

Corrosion

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Sang Youn Oh et al.
Carbohydrate research, 340(3), 417-428 (2005-02-01)
Cellulose samples treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and carbon dioxide in dimethylacetamide (DMAc) were analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy. Absorbance of hydrogen-bonded OH stretching was considerably decreased by the treatment of NaOH and carbon dioxide. The relative absorbance ratio (A(4000-2995)/A(993)) represented
Ziyu Wang et al.
Bioresource technology, 101(10), 3583-3585 (2010-01-22)
Coastal Bermuda grass was pretreated with NaOH at concentrations from 0.5% to 3% (w/v) for a residence time from 15 to 90min at 121 degrees C. The pretreatments were evaluated based on total lignin removal and production of total reducing
Konstantinos A Polyzos et al.
Cardiovascular research, 106(2), 295-302 (2015-03-10)
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that is initiated by the retention and accumulation of low-density lipoprotein in the artery, leading to maladaptive response of cells from the immune system and vessel wall. Strong evidence implicates indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), the
C Berger et al.
Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 30(4), 800-811 (2015-03-06)
Does ulipristal acetate (UPA) used for emergency contraception (EC) interfere with the human embryo implantation process? UPA, at the dosage used for EC, does not affect human embryo implantation process, in vitro. A single pre-ovulatory dose of UPA (30 mg)
Richard J Travers et al.
Blood, 124(22), 3183-3190 (2014-09-10)
Polyphosphate (polyP) is secreted by activated platelets and has been shown to contribute to thrombosis, suggesting that it could be a novel antithrombotic target. Previously reported polyP inhibitors based on polycationic substances, such as polyethylenimine, polyamidoamine dendrimers, and polymyxin B

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