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30501

Sigma-Aldrich

Ammonium hydroxide solution

puriss. p.a., reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ~25% NH3 basis

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Synonym(s):
Ammonia aqueous, Ammonia water
Linear Formula:
NH4OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
35.05
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3587154
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

agency

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

Quality Level

description

related substances ≤ 2 ppm (as pyridine)

grade

puriss. p.a.

form

liquid

expl. lim.

27 %

concentration

~25% NH3

impurities

readily oxidisable substances, in accordance
≤0.0001% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.0005% KMnO4 red. matter (as O)
≤0.0018% non-volatile matter

evapn. residue

≤0.0018%

pH

11.7 (20 °C)

density

0.892-0.910 g/mL at 20 °C
0.9 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

carbonate (CO32-): ≤60 ppm
carbonate (as CO2): ≤10 ppm
chloride (Cl-): ≤0.5 ppm
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.5 ppm
silicate (as SiO2): ≤10 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤2 ppm
sulfide (S2-): ≤0.2 ppm

cation traces

Ag: ≤0.02 ppm
Al: ≤0.5 ppm
Au: ≤0.1 ppm
Ba: ≤0.05 ppm
Bi: ≤0.1 ppm
Ca: ≤1 ppm
Cd: ≤0.05 ppm
Co: ≤0.05 ppm
Cr: ≤0.05 ppm
Cu: ≤0.1 ppm
Fe: ≤0.1 ppm
Ga: ≤0.02 ppm
In: ≤0.02 ppm
K: ≤0.5 ppm
Li: ≤0.02 ppm
Mg: ≤0.1 ppm
Mn: ≤0.05 ppm
Mo: ≤0.05 ppm
Na: ≤1 ppm
Ni: ≤0.05 ppm
Pb: ≤0.05 ppm
Pt: ≤0.1 ppm
Sn: ≤0.1 ppm
Sr: ≤0.2 ppm
Ti: ≤0.1 ppm
Tl: ≤0.05 ppm
Zn: ≤0.1 ppm

SMILES string

[NH4+].[OH-]

suitability

complies for appearance of solution

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI

1S/H3N.H2O/h1H3;1H2

InChI key

VHUUQVKOLVNVRT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
22122833881817093
vibrant-m

30501

Ammonium hydroxide solution

vibrant-m

221228

Ammonium hydroxide solution

vibrant-m

338818

Ammonium hydroxide solution

vibrant-m

17093

Ammonium hydroxide solution

grade

puriss. p.a.

grade

-

grade

-

grade

puriss. p.a. plus

concentration

~25% NH3

concentration

28.0-30.0% NH3

concentration

28% NH3 in H2O

concentration

≥25% NH3 in H2O

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

impurities

readily oxidisable substances, in accordance, ≤0.0005% KMnO4 red. matter (as O), ≤0.0001% heavy metals (as Pb), ≤0.0018% non-volatile matter

impurities

MnO4- reducers, passes test, ≤0.002% CO2

impurities

-

impurities

-

pH

11.7 (20 °C)

pH

11.7 (20 °C)

pH

11.7 (20 °C)

pH

11.7 (20 °C)

Packaging

In PE-bottles; also available PE-bottles black (Material no. ending with PEBL; Glass-bottles (Material no. ending with *-GL), PE canister (Material no. ending with *-H)

Other Notes

The article number 30501-4X2.5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 30501-2.5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 30501-4X2.5L-M will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 30501-2.5L-M which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 30501-6X1L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 30501-1L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 30501-6X1L-M will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 30501-1L-M which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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In this work, the influence of substrate on the morphology of ZnS thin films by chemical bath deposition is studied. The materials used were zinc acetate, tri-sodium citrate, thiourea, and ammonium hydroxide/ammonium chloride solution. The growth of ZnS thin films
Synchrotron photoemission spectroscopy study of ammonium hydroxide etching to prepare well-ordered GaAs (100) surfaces.
Lebedev MV, et al.
Applied Surface Science, 229(1), 226-232 (2004)
Jong-Hee Kim et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(11), 8739-8744 (2015-05-12)
Magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized by the addition of ammonium hydroxide to an iron chloride solution by chemical co-precipitation. In order to examine systematically the crystal phase, average size, and magnetic properties of the magnetic nanoparticles, the following were used as
Silver electrocrystallization on vitreous carbon from ammonium hydroxide solutions.
Palomar-Pardave M, et al.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 143(5), 1551-1558 (1996)

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