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360465

Sigma-Aldrich

1-Butanol

ACS reagent, ≥99.4%

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Synonym(s):
n-Butanol, Butyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.12
Beilstein:
969148
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

5.5 mmHg

Assay

≥99.4%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

649 °F

expl. lim.

11.2 %

impurities

≤0.0008 meq/g Titr. acid
≤0.01% butyraldehyde
≤0.1% water
≤0.2% butyl ether

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.399 (lit.)

pH

7 (20 °C, 70 g/L)

bp

116-118 °C (lit.)

mp

−90 °C (lit.)

density

0.81 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CCCCO

InChI

1S/C4H10O/c1-2-3-4-5/h5H,2-4H2,1H3

InChI key

LRHPLDYGYMQRHN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
33065B7906537993
1-Butanol ACS reagent, ≥99.4%

Sigma-Aldrich

360465

1-Butanol

Essential Grade
1-Butanol puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.5% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

33065

1-Butanol

Essential Grade
1-Butanol for molecular biology, ≥99%

Sigma-Aldrich

B7906

1-Butanol

-
1-Butanol 99.9%

Sigma-Aldrich

537993

1-Butanol

-
vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

5.5 mmHg

vapor pressure

5.5 mmHg

vapor pressure

5 (4 mmHg) at 20 °C hPa

vapor pressure

5.5 mmHg

assay

≥99.4%

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

assay

≥99%

assay

99.9%

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

649 °F

autoignition temp.

649 °F

autoignition temp.

649 °F

autoignition temp.

649 °F

General description

1-Butanol is the primary alcohol that can be used as a carrier liquid for the extraction of synthetic resins, natural resins, paints, essential oils, gums, coatings, dyes, camphor, and alkaloids. It can be used as an extracting solvent for hormones, vitamins, and antibiotics. In the production of paint removers and industrial cleaners 1-butanol is being used. It is also used in the manufacture of rubber products, plastics, coating solvents, and dibutyl phthalate.

Application

1-Butanol can be used:
  • As a solvent along with the water in the delignification of sugar cane bagasse.
  • As a both reagent and reaction medium in the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles from zinc acetylacetonate hydrate as precursor.
  • As an additive in the diesel-biodiesel-butanol tertiary blend which leads to fuel sustainability.
  • As a reactant in the enzyme catalyzed esterification reaction of oleic acid to butyl oleate.

greener alternative product

Product No.
Description
Pricing

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

95.0 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

35 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup


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E Gavini et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 307(1), 9-15 (2005-11-01)
The nasal route is used both for local therapies and, more recently, for the systemic administration of drugs, as well as for the delivery of peptides and vaccines. In this study the nasal administration of Carbamazepine (CBZ) has been studied
Acid-base properties of silica-aluminas: use of 1-butanol dehydration as a test reaction.
Berteau P, et al.
Applied Catalysis, 70(1), 307-323 (1991)
The kinetics of the triethylamine-catalyzed reaction of diisocyanates with 1-butanol in toluene.
Burkus J and Eckert CF.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 80(22), 5948-5950 (1958)
C R Shen et al.
Metabolic engineering, 10(6), 312-320 (2008-09-09)
Production of higher alcohols via the keto-acid intermediates found in microorganism's native amino-acid pathways has recently shown promising results. In this work, an Escherichia coli strain that produces 1-butanol and 1-propanol from glucose was constructed. The strain first converts glucose
R W Wulkan et al.
The International journal of biochemistry, 18(11), 1045-1051 (1986-01-01)
The butanol extraction method of Morton (1950), a routine step in enzyme purification, is discussed with special reference to a hydrophobic form of alkaline phosphatase from human liver tissue. This form slowly precipitates from butanol-extracted liver tissue homogenates stored at

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