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534064

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetone

histological grade, ≥99.5%

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Linear Formula:
CH3COCH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
58.08
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
635680
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

histological grade

Quality Level

vapor density

2 (vs air)

vapor pressure

184 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

expl. lim.

13.2 %

impurities

<0.5% water

evapn. residue

<0.001%

refractive index

n20/D 1.359 (lit.)

pH

5-6 (20 °C, 395 g/L)

bp

56 °C/760 mmHg (lit.)

mp

−94 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: miscible

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

histology

format

neat

SMILES string

CC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O/c1-3(2)4/h1-2H3

InChI key

CSCPPACGZOOCGX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
AX0125809519650501
vibrant-m

534064

Acetone

vibrant-m

AX0125

Acetone

vibrant-m

809519

Acetone

vibrant-m

650501

Acetone

assay

≥99.5%

assay

≥99% (GC)

assay

≥99.5%

assay

≥99.9%

application(s)

histology

application(s)

histology

application(s)

-

application(s)

food and beverages

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

solubility

water: miscible

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

water: miscible

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

General description

Acetone is an organic solvent widely used in the polymer and pharmaceutical industry. It is found in mammalian tissues as a by-product of metalbolism. It shows potent anticonvulsant property. Acetone in combination with tetraalkylammonium chloride forms an efficient solvent system for dissolving cellulose. The dehydration of acetone can be accomplised by pervaporation using P84 (polyimide membrane)/TAEA (tripodal amine (tris(2-aminoethyl)amine) cross-linked asymmetric flat sheet membranes. The acetone vapors can undergo photolysis in a titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalyst immobilized UV irradiated reactor.

Application

Acetone may be employed in the following studies:
  • As a precursor for the synthesis of methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) in the presence of sulfonated graphene oxide-Pd/cordierite catalyst.
  • Synthesis of (4-hydroxymethyl-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane), a solketal from glycerol using supercritical fluids (SCF) technology.
  • As a starting material to synthesize methyl methacrylate.
It may be used in the synthesis of the following acetone hydrazones:
  • 1-isopropylidene-2-methylhydrazine
  • 1-isopropylidene-2-hydroxyethylhydrazine
  • 1-isopropylidene-2-formylhydrazine
Acetone′s luminesence intensity is dependent upon the solution components . The absorption of UV light by acetone, results in its photolysis and the production of radials .

pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Central nervous system

supp_hazards

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

1.4 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

-17.0 °C - closed cup


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Johanson G.
Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, 735-752 (2012)
Acetone as an anticonvulsant.
Likhodii S, et al.
Epilepsia, 49(8), 83-86 (2008)
Marc Kostag et al.
Macromolecular rapid communications, 35(16), 1419-1422 (2014-06-14)
Acetone containing tetraalkylammonium chloride is found to be an efficient solvent for cellulose. The addition of an amount of 10 mol% (based on acetone) of well-soluble salt triethyloctylammonium chloride (Et3 OctN Cl) adjusts the solvent's properties (increases the polarity) to
Photocatalytic degradation of acetone and methanol in a flow-through photoreactor with immobilized TiO2.
Moulis F and Krysa J.
Research on Chemical Intermediates, 41(12), 9233-9242 (2015)
Sulfonated graphene oxide supported Pd bifunctional catalyst for one-pot synthesis of methyl isobutyl ketone from acetone with high conversion and selectivity.
Liu M, et al.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 408, 85-90 (2015)

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