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30200

Sigma-Aldrich

L-Cystine

≥99.7% (TLC)

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Synonym(s):
(R,R)-3,3′-Dithiobis(2-aminopropionicacid)
Linear Formula:
[-SCH2CH(NH2)CO2H]2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
240.30
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1728094
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160406
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

Quality Level

assay

≥99.7% (TLC)

form

powder or crystals

optical activity

[α]20/D −219±5°, c = 1% in 1 M HCl

ign. residue

≤0.1% (as SO4)

loss

≤0.1% loss on drying

color

white

mp

>240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

1 M HCl: 0.5 g/10 mL, clear, colorless

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤500 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤50 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤6 mg/kg
Fe: ≤10 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤150 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

application(s)

peptide synthesis

SMILES string

N[C@@H](CSSC[C@H](N)C(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C6H12N2O4S2/c7-3(5(9)10)1-13-14-2-4(8)6(11)12/h3-4H,1-2,7-8H2,(H,9,10)(H,11,12)/t3-,4-/m0/s1

InChI key

LEVWYRKDKASIDU-IMJSIDKUSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
C8755C5735779539
vibrant-m

30200

L-Cystine

vibrant-m

C8755

L-Cystine

vibrant-m

C5735

L-Cystine

vibrant-m

779539

L-Cystine

assay

≥99.7% (TLC)

assay

≥98% (TLC)

assay

≥98.5%

assay

≥98.5%

color

white

color

white to off-white

color

-

color

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

200

optical activity

[α]20/D −219±5°, c = 1% in 1 M HCl

optical activity

-

optical activity

-

optical activity

[α]/D -224 to -218°

mp

>240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

>240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

>240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

>240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

Application

L-Cystine has been used to prepare stock solution which in turn is utilized for determining the L-cysteine and L-cystine in pharmaceutical preparations as well as in urine samples by using spectrofluorimetric flow injection method.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cystine is required for the synthesis of glutathione that protects the cells from oxidative stress. A specific x(c)-cysteine/glutamate antiporter mediates cellular uptake of cysteine in exchange for glutamate. Inhibition of cysteine uptake induces toxicity in neuronal cells.

Other Notes

Preparation of N,N′-dibenzoyl-L-cystine, an efficient auxiliary for enantioselective reductions of ketones

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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D-Cystine 98%

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USP

1161586

Cystine

L-Cystine suitable for biopharmaceutical production FCC

SAFC

1.02836

L-Cystine

L-Cystine

SAFC

C5735

L-Cystine

T H Murphy et al.
Neuron, 2(6), 1547-1558 (1989-06-01)
Glutamate binds to both excitatory neurotransmitter binding sites and a Cl(-)-dependent, quisqualate- and cystine-inhibited transport site on brain neurons. The neuroblastoma-primary retina hybrid cells (N18-RE-105) are susceptible to glutamate-induced cytotoxicity. The Cl(-)-dependent transport site to which glutamate and quisqualate (but
Journal of the Chemical Society. Chemical Communications, 801-801 (1987)
K. Soai et al.
Journal of the Chemical Society. Chemical Communications, 413-413 (1984)
T Pérez-Ruiz et al.
The Analyst, 117(6), 1025-1028 (1992-06-01)
A flow injection configuration is proposed for the determination of L-cysteine and L-cystine individually and for mixtures of both analytes. The procedure is based on the rapid oxidation of L-cysteine by thallium(III) with concomitant formation of fluorescent thallium(I). The inclusion
Philip J Hogg
Nature reviews. Cancer, 13(6), 425-431 (2013-05-11)
Protein action in nature is generally controlled by the amount of protein produced and by chemical modification of the protein, and both are often perturbed in cancer. The amino acid side chains and the peptide and disulphide bonds that bind

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