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361593

Sigma-Aldrich

Artemisinin

98%

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Synonym(s):
Arteannuin, Qinghaosu
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C15H22O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
282.33
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79

Quality Level

assay

98%

form

solid

optical activity

[α]20/D +76°, c = 0.5 in methanol

mp

156-157 °C (lit.)

antibiotic activity spectrum

parasites
viruses

application(s)

metabolomics
vitamins, nutraceuticals, and natural products

mode of action

enzyme | inhibits

SMILES string

C[C@@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@@H](C)C(=O)O[C@@H]3OC4(C)CC[C@@H]1[C@@]23OO4

InChI

1S/C15H22O5/c1-8-4-5-11-9(2)12(16)17-13-15(11)10(8)6-7-14(3,18-13)19-20-15/h8-11,13H,4-7H2,1-3H3/t8-,9-,10+,11+,13-,14-,15-/m1/s1

InChI key

BLUAFEHZUWYNDE-NNWCWBAJSA-N

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General description

Artemisinin is extracted from sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua). It has anticancer, antiprotozoal and antiviral activities. Artemisinin is associated with brainstem encephalopathy.

Application

Artemisinin has been used:
  • in drug susceptibility assays
  • as a standard for its quantification from artemisinin from hairy roots
  • to check cell viability using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay
  • as an antimalarial agent to investigate the role of autophagy-related (ATG) genes throughout the P. falciparum asexual and sexual blood stages

Biochem/physiol Actions

Artemisinin (Qinghaosu), a sesquiterpene lactone, is a highly active anti-malarial (falciparum malaria) drug. Artemisinin is also an anthelmintic (parasitic worm) effective against the blood fluke, schistosomiasis.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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