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Tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine hydrochloride solution

0.5 M, pH 7.0(aqueous solution; pH was adjusted with ammonium hydroxide)

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Synonym(s):
TCEP
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C9H15O6P · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
286.65
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

concentration

0.5 M

refractive index

n20/D 1.367

pH

7.0(aqueous solution; pH was adjusted with ammonium hydroxide)

density

1.041 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

Cl.OC(=O)CCP(CCC(O)=O)CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C9H15O6P.ClH/c10-7(11)1-4-16(5-2-8(12)13)6-3-9(14)15;/h1-6H2,(H,10,11)(H,12,13)(H,14,15);1H

InChI key

PBVAJRFEEOIAGW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
C47067525968957
density

1.041 g/mL at 25 °C

density

-

density

-

density

-

concentration

0.5 M

concentration

-

concentration

-

concentration

-

pH

7.0(aqueous solution; pH was adjusted with ammonium hydroxide)

pH

-

pH

1.2-1.5

pH

-

General description

It belongs to the trialkylphosphine class.
Tris (2-carboxyethyl) phosphine (TCEP) is very effective in cleaving disulfide bonds in aqueous solution. It dissolves in water and is odorless, unlike other trialkylphosphines (tributylphosphine). It is also less toxic than 2-mercaptoethanol. These advantages make it better than the other reducing agents.

Application

Tris (2-carboxyethyl) phosphine (TCEP) can be used in several downstream applications including SDS-PAGE, mass spectrometry, labeling with cysteine specific tags, and modification of cysteine containing compounds. It prevents oxidation of protein samples, which makes it a useful buffer component as it helps to preserve enzymatic activity. It has been used in the reduction and measurement of glutathione.
Tris (2-carboxyethyl) phosphine (TCEP) has also been used:
  • to cleave cysteine residues in a synthetic peptide
  • in reduction buffer for RNA Sequential Probing of Targets (SPOTs) imaging
  • for the reduction of oligonucleotides
  • as reducing agent during mitochondrial isolation

Biochem/physiol Actions

As a non-mercaptan reducing agent, it avoids the toxicity inherent in thiol-containing compounds. It is capable of disrupting the botulinum neurotoxin B heavy-chain/light-chain complex that is held together by a single disulfide bond, and that is responsible for endocytosis, and ultimately the toxicity, of the toxin. Since disulfide-coupled subunits are characteristic of many toxins (e.g., ricin, snake venom, and all BoNT serotypes), it may be useful as a rescue prophylactic in cases of toxin administration.
Tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine hydrochloride solution reduces the disulfide bonds and leaves other functional groups intact in proteins.

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Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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