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A3428

Sigma-Aldrich

Aprotinin from bovine lung

lyophilized powder, 3-8 TIU/mg solid, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
BPTI, Bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, Trasylol, Trypsin inhibitor (basic)
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C284H432N84O79S7
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
6511.44
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32190102
NACRES:
NA.32

biological source

bovine lung

Quality Level

product line

BioReagent

form

lyophilized powder

specific activity

3-8 TIU/mg solid

mol wt

~6,500

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

H2O: 5 mg/mL

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI key

ZPNFWUPYTFPOJU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

cow ... PTI(404172)

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Application

Aprotinin from bovine lung has been used in insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 assay. It has also been used a in western blotting.
Aprotinin is largely used as an inhibitor of trypsin.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Aprotinin is a competitive serine protease inhibitor that forms stable complexes with and blocks the active sites of enzyme. This binding is reversible, and most aprotinin-protease complexes will dissociate at extreme pH levels >10 or <3. Structurally, Aprotinin is a monomeric globular protein derived from bovine lung that consists of 58 amino acids, arranged in a single polypeptide chain with three crosslinking disulfide bridges.
Aprotinin is a natural polypeptide of 58 amino acids. It possesses hemostatic/antiplasmin action and helps to reduce bleeding during surgeries. This prevents the necessity of blood transfusion.

Unit Definition

One Trypsin Inhibitor Unit (TIU) will decrease the activity of two trypsin units by 50%, where one trypsin unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole of N-alpha-benzoyl-DL-arginine p-nitroanilide per minute at pH 7.8 and 25°C. Another commonly used unit is the KIU, with 1 TIU = 1,300 KIU.
When benzoyl-L-arginine ethyl ester (BAEE) is used as substrate one BAPNA unit is approx. 45BAEE μmolar units at pH8.0 at 25°C or approx. 9,000 BAEE A253 units at pH7.6 at 25°C.

Preparation Note

This product is a lyophilized powder that has been cell culture tested. It has an activity of 3-7 TIU/mg.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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