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C1013

Sigma-Aldrich

Carrageenan

suitable for gel preparation

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Synonym(s):
Vegetable gelatin
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

algae (red)

Quality Level

description

Predominantly κ and lesser amounts of λ carrageenan

form

powder

color

white to light brown

useful pH range

7.5-10.5 (1.5% in water)

cation traces

Ca: <3.5%
K: <11%
Na: <2.0%

suitability

suitable for gel preparation

storage temp.

room temp

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General description

Carrageenans are mucopolysaccharides from the cell walls of the red algae. They are anionic linear polymers composed of 1,3α-1,4β-galactans having one (κ-), two (ι-) or three (λ-) sulfates per disaccharide unit. In ionic solutions, κ- and ι-carrageenans self-associate into helical structures that form rigid or flexible gels, respectively. λ-carrageenans do not form helices and are non-gelling. Carrageenans are used commercially as thickeners and stabilizing agents.

Application

Carrageenans are used to suppress immune response in vivo and in vitro via mechanisms believed to involve selective cytopathic effect on macrophages. As ι-, κ-, and λ-carrageenans have varying degress of sulfation, they may be studied comparatively for differences in protective, antiviral, and immunosuppression activities.
Carrageenans are used to suppress immune response in vivo and in vitro via mechanisms believed to involve selective cytopathic effect on macrophages. As ι-, κ-, and λ- carrageenans have varying degrees of sulfation, they may be studied comparatively for differences in protective, antiviral, and immunosuppression activities. Carrageenan may be used in the development of biomaterials such as bone graft substitutes; entrapping vessels such as biobeads and encapsulation vehicles for drug delivery. Carrageenan be used to develop hydrogels.

Preparation Note

Blended from various seaweeds to produce rigid gels.

Other Notes

To gain a comprehensive understanding of our extensive range of Polysaccharides for your research, we encourage you to visit our Carbohydrates Category page.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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