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G1253

Sigma-Aldrich

Xanthan gum from Xanthomonas campestris

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Synonym(s):
Gum xanthan
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

Xanthomonas campestris

Quality Level

form

powder

color

faint yellow to beige

storage temp.

room temp

InChI

1S/C13H10O/c1-3-7-12-10(5-1)9-11-6-2-4-8-13(11)14-12/h1-8H,9H2

InChI key

GJCOSYZMQJWQCA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Xanthan gum is an anionic polysaccharide composed of a β-(1→4)-D-glucopyranose glucan backbone with side chains of (1→3)-α-D-mannopyranose-(2→1)-β-D-glucuronic acid-(4→1)-β-D-mannopyranose on alternating residues. Approximately half of the terminal mannose residues are 4,6-pyruvated while most of the inner mannose residues are 6-acetylated. Its properties make it a useful matrix component for drug delivery systems. It forms stable drug suspensions in aqueous media and soft gels with locust bean gum or guar gum. Xanthan gum mimics the texture of lipids and is used as a control in experiments where signaling pathways initiated by consumption of lipid-containing reagents are investigated in mice.

Other Notes

A polysaccharide containing glucose, mannose, potassium glucuronate, acetate and pyruvate. Forms a hydrophilic colloid.
To gain a comprehensive understanding of our extensive range of Polysaccharides for your research, we encourage you to visit our Carbohydrates Category page.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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