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C2899

Sigma-Aldrich

Cytisine

≥99%, powder

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Synonym(s):
(−)-Cytisine, (1R,5S)-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexahydro-1,5-methano-8H-pyrido[1,2a][1,5]diazocin-8-one, (1S,9S)-3,11-Diazatricyclo[7.3.1.03,8]trideca-5,7-dien-4-one, Baptitoxin, Laburnin, Sophorine, Ulexine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C11H14N2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
190.24
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥99%

form

powder

color

light yellow

bp

218 °C/2 mmHg (lit.)

mp

154-156 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

O=C1C=CC=C2C3CNCC(C3)CN12

InChI

1S/C11H14N2O/c14-11-3-1-2-10-9-4-8(5-12-6-9)7-13(10)11/h1-3,8-9,12H,4-7H2/t8-,9+/m0/s1

InChI key

ANJTVLIZGCUXLD-DTWKUNHWSA-N

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This Item
C3506PHR1350C122106
Cytisine ≥99%, powder

C2899

Cytisine

Cytosine ≥99%

C3506

Cytosine

Cytosine Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

PHR1350

Cytosine

Cytidine 99%

C122106

Cytidine

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99%

assay

-

assay

99%

color

light yellow

color

-

color

-

color

-

bp

218 °C/2 mmHg (lit.)

bp

-

bp

-

bp

-

mp

154-156 °C (lit.)

mp

>300 °C (lit.)

mp

>300 °C (lit.)

mp

210-220 °C (dec.) (lit.)

Gene Information

rat ... Chrna2(170945), Chrna3(25101), Chrna4(25590)

Gene Information

-

Gene Information

-

Gene Information

mouse ... Uck1(22245)

General description

Cytisine is an alkaloid present in Cytisus laburnum, particularly in its seeds. It might be effective for smoking cessation. Cytisine is a natural insecticide. It has a molecular structure similar to nicotine. Cytisine may have antidepressant like properties.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Potent agonist at α3β4 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and partial agonist at α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Acetylcholine Receptors (Nicotinic) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

pictograms

Skull and crossbones

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral

Storage Class

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P2 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Bruno Tasso et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 52(14), 4345-4357 (2009-06-25)
The availability of drug affecting neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) may have important therapeutic potential for the treatment of several CNS pathologies. Pursuing our efforts on the systematic structural modification of cytisine and N-arylalkyl and N-aroylalkyl cytisines were synthesized and
Natalie Walker et al.
BMC public health, 11, 880-880 (2011-11-23)
Smokers need effective support to maximise the chances of successful quit attempts. Current smoking cessation medications, such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), bupropion, nortriptyline or varenicline, have been shown to be effective in clinical trials but are underused by smokers
Mariaelvina Sala et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 168(4), 835-849 (2012-09-11)
Many of the addictive and rewarding effects of nicotine are due to its actions on the neuronal nicotinic ACh receptor (nAChR) subtypes expressed in dopaminergic mesocorticolimbic cells. The partial agonists, cytisine and varenicline, are helpful smoking cessation aids. These drugs
Yann S Mineur et al.
Neuropharmacology, 52(5), 1256-1262 (2007-02-27)
The nicotine in tobacco is thought to modulate neuronal systems regulating mood. Moreover, it appears possible that blockade rather than activation of beta2-containing (beta2*) nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) may lead to antidepressant-like effects. We used cytisine, a partial agonist of
Edwin G Pérez et al.
Natural product reports, 29(5), 555-567 (2012-03-01)
Covering: up to the end of 2011. This review covers classical and modern structural modifications of the alkaloid, the more recent (since 2007) syntheses of cytisine and analogues, and the pharmacology of these compounds, with emphasis on their interactions with

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