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D141

Sigma-Aldrich

Digitonin

Used as non-ionic detergent

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Synonym(s):
Digitin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C56H92O29
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
1229.31
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
78654
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

plant seeds (Digitalis purpurea)

Quality Level

form

powder

optical activity

[α]20/D −54°, c = 2.8 in methanol(lit.)

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 70,000

aggregation number

60

impurities

<6.0% water

CMC

<0.5 mM (20-25°C)
<0.5 mM (20-25°C)

mp

230-240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

H2O: ~5 % (w/v) (solubilized by heating to 95 °C - 98 °C and then cooling to room temp.)

SMILES string

C[C@@]12[C@]([C@@H]3C)([H])[C@](O[C@]34CC[C@@H](C)CO4)([H])[C@@H](O)[C@@]1([H])[C@@](CC[C@]5([H])[C@@]6(C[C@@H](O)[C@H](O[C@]([C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H]7O[C@@](O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]8O[C@@](OC[C@@H](O)[C@@H]9O)([H])[C@@H]9O)([H])[C@@H]8O[C@@](O[C@H](CO)[C@H

InChI

1S/C56H92O29/c1-19-7-10-56(75-17-19)20(2)31-45(85-56)37(67)32-22-6-5-21-11-26(24(61)12-55(21,4)23(22)8-9-54(31,32)3)76-50-42(72)39(69)44(30(16-60)80-50)81-53-48(47(36(66)29(15-59)79-53)83-49-40(70)33(63)25(62)18-74-49)84-52-43(73)46(35(65)28(14-58)78-52)82-51-41(71)38(68)34(64)27(13-57)77-51/h19-53,57-73H,5-18H2,1-4H3/t19-,20+,21+,22-,23+,24-,25-,26-,27-,28-,29-,30-,31+,32-,33+,34-,35+,36-,37+,38+,39-,40-,41-,42-,43-,44+,45-,46+,47+,48-,49+,50-,51+,52+,53+,54-,55+,56-/m1/s1

InChI key

UVYVLBIGDKGWPX-KUAJCENISA-N

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Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
D56281199002PHL82516
vibrant-m

D141

Digitonin

vibrant-m

D5628

Digitonin

vibrant-m

1199002

Digitoxin

vibrant-m

PHL82516

Digitoxin

form

powder

form

powder

form

-

form

-

impurities

<6.0% water

impurities

-

impurities

-

impurities

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

mp

230-240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

230-240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 70,000

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 70,000

mol wt

-

mol wt

-

General description

Digitonin, a steroidal saponin extracted from the purple foxglove plant (Digitalis purpurea), stands as a versatile non-ionic detergent crucial for cell biology and biochemical research. Its unique attributes position it as a valuable asset in the exploration of cellular membranes, membrane proteins, and intracellular components. Digitonin′s key properties and applications include its ability to solubilize membrane-bound proteins effectively while preserving their native conformation, making it an ideal tool for studying membrane protein interactions and activities.

Moreover, Digitonin selectively permeabilizes the cholesterol-rich plasma membrane, leaving organelle membranes intact. This feature facilitates the extraction and purification of specific organelles, contributing to the study of their functions and roles in cellular processes. The detergent′s capability to permeabilize diverse cell types allows the study of intracellular components and processes by introducing molecules, antibodies, or enzymes into cells. Additionally, Digitonin finds application in immunocytochemistry experiments, enabling the labeling and detection of intracellular proteins and structures.

Application

Digitonin has been used along with permeabilization buffer for cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic GMP-AMP) stimulation in cells.
Digitonin has been used in a study to assess a procedure for isolating mitochondria from ascites tumor cells. It has also been used in a study to investigate its effect on the cytotoxicity of plant secondary metabolites in cancer cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Digitonin plays a key role in permeabilizing cell membranes. It is capable of lysing eukaryotic cells but not bacterial membranes. It is also used to solubilize membrane components. It helps to create pores by interacting specifically with cholesterol in the membrane. It is preferred in biotechnology due to its mild detergency. This membrane-active compound act with doxorubicin against multi-drug resistant cancer cells.

Features and Benefits

Highly versatile compound for your cell biology and biochemical research

Quality

Preparation is free of water-insoluble constituents.

Other Notes

For additional information on our range of Biochemicals, please complete this form.

Comparable product

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Description
Pricing

pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Oral - STOT RE 2

Storage Class

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P2 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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R W Moreadith et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 137(2), 360-367 (1984-03-01)
A new, improved procedure for isolating mitochondria from ascites tumor cells is described. The unique feature of this technique is the use of digitonin to make the cells susceptible to disruption by Teflon pestle/glass vessel homogenization. The yield and respiratory
Wattamon Srisakuldee et al.
Cardiovascular research, 103(1), 72-80 (2014-03-22)
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) protects the heart from ischaemia- and reperfusion-induced cell death by a mechanism linked to protein kinase C (PKC)ε-mediated connexin 43 (Cx43) phosphorylation. Cx43 localizes predominantly to gap junctions, but has also been detected at subsarcolemmal
Xianying A Cui et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (70)(70), e50066-e50066 (2012-12-29)
In eukaryotes, most of the messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that encode secreted and membrane proteins are localized to the surface of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, the visualization of these mRNAs can be challenging. This is especially true when only a
Dominic S Alonzi et al.
Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 70(15), 2799-2814 (2013-03-19)
Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) is a key cellular process whereby misfolded proteins are removed from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for subsequent degradation by the ubiquitin/proteasome system. In the present work, analysis of the released, free oligosaccharides (FOS) derived from all
Safaa Yehia Eid et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 19(14), 1307-1314 (2012-10-16)
In phytotherapy, extracts from medicinal plants are employed which contain mixtures of secondary metabolites. Their modes of action are complex because the secondary metabolites can react with single or multiple targets. The components in a mixture can exert additive or

Protocols

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