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E4375

Sigma-Aldrich

(−)-Epinephrine (+)-bitartrate salt

solid

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Synonym(s):
L-3,4-Dihydroxy-α-(methylaminomethyl)benzyl alcohol D-hydrogen bitartrate salt, L-Adrenaline (+)-bitartrate salt, L-Adrenaline D-hydrogentartrate, L-Epinephrine D-hydrogentartrate
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C9H13NO3 · C4H6O6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
333.29
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

form

solid

Quality Level

color

white

solubility

H2O: soluble
alcohol: soluble

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O[C@H]([C@@H](O)C(O)=O)C(O)=O.CNC[C@H](O)c1ccc(O)c(O)c1

InChI

1S/C9H13NO3.C4H6O6/c1-10-5-9(13)6-2-3-7(11)8(12)4-6;5-1(3(7)8)2(6)4(9)10/h2-4,9-13H,5H2,1H3;1-2,5-6H,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/t9-;1-,2-/m01/s1

InChI key

YLXIPWWIOISBDD-NDAAPVSOSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
PHR15091237000BP003
Epinephrine Bitartrate Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

PHR1509

Epinephrine Bitartrate

Epinephrine bitartrate United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

1237000

Epinephrine bitartrate

Adrenaline acid tartrate British Pharmacopoeia (BP) Reference Standard

BP003

Adrenaline acid tartrate

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-30°C

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

solubility

H2O: soluble, alcohol: soluble

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

color

white

color

-

color

-

color

-

Gene Information

human ... ADRA1A(148), ADRA1B(147), ADRA1D(146), ADRA2A(150), ADRA2B(151), ADRA2C(152), ADRB1(153), ADRB2(154), ADRB3(155)

Gene Information

human ... ADRA1A(148), ADRA1B(147), ADRA1D(146), ADRA2A(150), ADRA2B(151), ADRA2C(152), ADRB1(153), ADRB2(154), ADRB3(155)

Gene Information

human ... ADRA1A(148), ADRA1B(147), ADRA1D(146), ADRA2A(150), ADRA2B(151), ADRA2C(152), ADRB1(153), ADRB2(154), ADRB3(155)

Gene Information

human ... ADRA1A(148), ADRA1B(147), ADRA1D(146), ADRA2A(150), ADRA2B(151), ADRA2C(152), ADRB1(153), ADRB2(154), ADRB3(155)

General description

Epinephrine is a hormone, which is also termed as adrenaline. It is a monoamine and catecholamine.

Application

(-)Epinephrine (+)-bitartrate salt has been used:
  • to test the possible existence of β-adrenergic vasodilation
  • to infuse into the adipose region to minimize blood loss and tissue contamination
  • as a platelet agonist in the preparation of optimal platelet aggregometry 96-well plates
  • in the measurement of total superoxide dismutase (tSOD) enzymatic activity

Biochem/physiol Actions

Epinephrine is mainly liberated from adrenal medulla in response to stress, that is facilitated through sympathetic fibers.
Adrenergic receptor agonist.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the α1-Adrenoceptors, α2-Adrenoceptors, β-Adrenoceptors and Dopamine, Norepinephrine and Epinephrine Synthesis pages of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Caution

Light sensitive

pictograms

Skull and crossbones

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Oral

Storage Class

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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