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I1286

Sigma-Aldrich

Icariin

≥94% (HPLC)

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Synonym(s):
4′-O-methyl-8-γ,γ-dimethylallylkaempferol-3-rhamnoside-7-glucoside
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C33H40O15
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
676.66
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

assay

≥94% (HPLC)

color

light yellow to yellow

solubility

DMSO: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to dark yellow

application(s)

metabolomics
vitamins, nutraceuticals, and natural products

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

COc1ccc(cc1)C2=C(O[C@@H]3O[C@@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]3O)C(=O)c4c(O)cc(O[C@@H]5O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]5O)c(C\C=C(\C)C)c4O2

InChI

1S/C33H40O15/c1-13(2)5-10-17-19(45-33-28(42)26(40)23(37)20(12-34)46-33)11-18(35)21-24(38)31(48-32-27(41)25(39)22(36)14(3)44-32)29(47-30(17)21)15-6-8-16(43-4)9-7-15/h5-9,11,14,20,22-23,25-28,32-37,39-42H,10,12H2,1-4H3/t14-,20+,22-,23+,25+,26-,27+,28+,32-,33+/m0/s1

InChI key

TZJALUIVHRYQQB-XLRXWWTNSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
56601PHL80478PHL89714
vibrant-m

I1286

Icariin

vibrant-m

56601

Icariin

vibrant-m

PHL80478

Icaritin

vibrant-m

PHL89714

Icariin

assay

≥94% (HPLC)

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

assay

≥95.0% (HPLC)

assay

≥90.0% (HPLC)

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

solubility

DMSO: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to dark yellow

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

color

light yellow to yellow

color

-

color

-

color

-

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

General description

Icariin is a prenylated flavonol and the major bioactive compound found in Epimedium herb.

Application

Icariin has been used:
  • in the preparation of topical treatment to determine its effects on the improvement of cutaneous wound healing in rats
  • to test its analgesic effects on lower back pain (LBP) in rats
  • as a potential treatment in osteoporosis condition in rats
  • to study its effects on palmitate (PA)-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle C2C12 myotubes
  • as a neuroprotective agent to study its effects on amyloid-β (Aβ)-induced neuronal insulin resistance in human neuroblastoma SK-N-MC cells

Biochem/physiol Actions

Icariin is a potent neuroprotective agent in neurodegenerative disorders and other disorders affecting the nervous system. It elicits anti-aging properties in unfertilized oocytes against age-related damage. Icariin exerts anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic properties aiding protection in chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated renal fibrosis in mouse model. It also serves as an excellent antidiabetic and anti-atherosclerotic agent. Icariin is an excellent anti-cancer agent.
Flavonoid glucoside derived from the the Epimedium plant genus. This pharmacologically active constituent or its derivatives have been shown to enhance bone formation, modulate multidrug resistance, enhance neuronal viability, stimulate angiogenesis, and exhibit antioxidant activity.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Feifei Tao et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 85(6), 798-807 (2012-12-25)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder in the intestine which involves overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and excessive functions of inflammatory cells. However, current treatments for IBD may have potential adverse effects including steroid dependence, infections and lymphoma.
Hsin-An Chen et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 59, 152917-152917 (2019-04-13)
The pathology change of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis is a critical feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD), regardless of the primary insults. The infiltration of inflammatory cells and the consecutive secretion of profibrotic factors are frequently and conspicuously observed during the
Da Hye Kim et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 22(6) (2017-06-14)
The therapeutic properties of Epimediumkoreanum are presumed to be due to the flavonoid component icariin, which has been reported to have broad pharmacological potential and has demonstrated anti-diabetic, anti-Alzheimer's disease, anti-tumor, and hepatoprotective activities. Considering these therapeutic properties of icariin
Dawei Zhang et al.
Biochimie, 94(12), 2514-2522 (2012-07-17)
Accumulating evidences suggest that Herba epimedii has the potential benefits against osteoporosis. However, previous studies were focused on the crude extract, total flavonoids (TF) and icariin (ICA), and the detailed molecular mechanisms of action and structure-activity relationship (SAR) remain unclear.
Qian Qian et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 66, 392-398 (2012-04-24)
In this work, the metabolite profiles of icariin in rat plasma were qualitatively investigated, and the possible metabolic pathways of icariin were subsequently proposed. After oral administration of icariin, rat plasma samples were collected and pretreated by protein precipitation. Then

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