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P6635

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphorylase b from rabbit muscle

lyophilized powder, ≥20 units/mg protein, 2× crystallization

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Synonym(s):
α-Glucan Phosphorylase, 1,4-α-D-Glucan:orthophosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase, Glycogen Phosphorylase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

biological source

rabbit muscle

form

lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥20 units/mg protein

mol wt

97,200 Da by calculation

purified by

2× crystallization

storage condition

(Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place)

technique(s)

mass spectrometry (MS): suitable

impurities

~0.01 μmol/mg protein 5′-AMP (This low level will not interfere with phosphorylase and phosphorylase kinase assays.)

foreign activity

phosphoglucomutase ≤1.0%
phosphorylase a ≤10%
phosphorylase kinase ≤0.5%
phosphorylase phosphatase, debrancher enzyme, AMPase and ATPase ≤0.1%

storage temp.

−20°C

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This Item
P4649P1261P3397
vibrant-m

P6635

Phosphorylase b from rabbit muscle

vibrant-m

P4649

Phosphorylase b from rabbit muscle

vibrant-m

P1261

Phosphorylase a from rabbit muscle

technique(s)

mass spectrometry (MS): suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

activity assay: suitable

specific activity

≥20 units/mg protein

specific activity

-

specific activity

20-30 units/mg protein

specific activity

≥100 units/mg protein

UniProt accession no.

A0A5F9CLZ9, A0A5F9D1C4, A0A5F9CRR0, A0A5F9DLL9

UniProt accession no.

-

UniProt accession no.

-

UniProt accession no.

-

foreign activity

phosphorylase a ≤10%, phosphorylase phosphatase, debrancher enzyme, AMPase and ATPase ≤0.1%, phosphoglucomutase ≤1.0%, phosphorylase kinase ≤0.5%

foreign activity

-

foreign activity

AMP-phosphatase, ATP-phosphatase, debrancher enzyme and phosphorylase phosphatase ≤0.1%, phosphoglucomutase ≤0.25%, phosphorylase b ≤30%

foreign activity

lactic dehydrogenase ≤0.5%, phosphoglucose isomerase ≤0.01%, pyruvate kinase ≤0.05%

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

General description

Research area: Cell Signaling

Glycogen phosphorylase (PG), a specialized complex allosteric enzyme has an evolutionarily conserved gene sequence. GP contains a family of three isozymes such as muscle GP (mGP), liver GP (lGP), and brain GP (bGP) in humans.

Application

Phosphorylase b from rabbit muscle has been used:
  • in the calibration of Sepharose C1-6B columns while studying the molecular weight of methylamine dehydrogenase subunits
  • in ion mobility-mass spectrometry studies of phosphorylase B ions that have been generated with supercharging reagents, in the charge-reducing buffer
  • for the preparation of p32 labeled phosphorylase A using phosphorylase kinase and [32P]ATP
  • in phosphorylase phosphatase assay
  • in enzyme assay as a positive control to ensure the reaction system for the activity determination was adopted

Biochem/physiol Actions

Phosphorylase b is a non-active form and is present in resting muscles. Phosphorylase b kinase activity increases significantly when the Mg2+:ATP ratio exceeds 1. The breakdown of ATP during muscle contraction is thought to trigger in vivo conversion of phosphorylase b into a. Phosphorylase b is activated by inosine monophosphate. Glycogen phosphorylase (PG) enzyme plays a vital role in the first step of glycogenolysis. In the initial stage of glycogenolysis, glycogen phosphorylase(GP) breaks α-1,4- -glycosidic bonds, releasing the glucose-1-phosphate (G1P)molecule. When incubated with the proper concentrations of glucose-1-phosphate without the addition of primer, rabbit muscle phosphorylase B was found to be capable of forming protein-bound alpha-1,4 glucosyl chains.

Packaging

Package size based on protein content.

Unit Definition

One unit will form 1.0 μmole of α-D-glucose 1-phosphate from glycogen and orthophosphate in the presence of 5′-AMP, per min at pH 6.8 at 30 °C measured in a system containing phosphoglucomutase, NADP, and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase. (One μmolar unit is equivalent to approx. 45 Cori units.)

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing lactose, 5′-AMP, and Mg(OAc)2 (10 μmole per 100 mg protein)

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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Marta Migocka-Patrzałek et al.
Cells, 10(4) (2021-05-01)
Glycogen phosphorylase (PG) is a key enzyme taking part in the first step of glycogenolysis. Muscle glycogen phosphorylase (PYGM) differs from other PG isoforms in expression pattern and biochemical properties. The main role of PYGM is providing sufficient energy for
F M Vellieux et al.
European journal of biochemistry, 154(2), 383-386 (1986-01-15)
The enzyme methylamine dehydrogenase or primary-amine:(acceptor) oxidoreductase (deaminating) (EC 1.4.99.3) was purified from the bacterium Thiobacillus versutus to homogeneity, as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The native enzyme has a Mr of 123 500 and contains four subunits arranged in
Characterization of the phosphorylase b to a converting activity in skeletal muscle extracts of mice with the phosphorylase b kinase deficiency mutation.
S R Gross et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 249(21), 6710-6718 (1974-11-10)
B L Nyomba et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 88(5), 1540-1545 (1991-11-01)
Glycogen synthase is activated by protein phosphatase type-1 (PP-1). The spontaneous PP-1 activity accounts for only a small fraction of total PP-1 activity, which can be exposed by trypsin digestion of inhibitor proteins in the presence of Mn2+. We determined
Studies on the allosteric activation of glycogen phosphorylase b by Nucleotides. I. Activation of phosphorylase b by inosine monophosphate.
W J Black et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 243(22), 5892-5898 (1968-11-25)

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