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S3523

Sigma-Aldrich

Surfactin

from Bacillus subtilis, ≥98.0% (HPLC)

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Synonym(s):
surfactin C
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C53H93N7O13
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
1036.34
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

biological source

Bacillus subtilis

Quality Level

description

zwitterionic

assay

≥98.0% (HPLC)

form

powder

storage condition

(Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.)

color

white to faint yellow

CMC

7.5-20 μmol/L (depending on methods)

solubility

ethanol: soluble 10 mg/mL

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
fungi
mycoplasma
neoplastics
viruses

mode of action

cell membrane | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC(C)CCCCCCCCC[C@@H]1CC(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)O1

InChI

1S/C53H93N7O13/c1-30(2)20-18-16-14-13-15-17-19-21-36-28-43(61)54-37(22-23-44(62)63)47(66)55-38(24-31(3)4)48(67)57-40(26-33(7)8)51(70)60-46(35(11)12)52(71)58-41(29-45(64)65)50(69)56-39(25-32(5)6)49(68)59-42(27-34(9)10)53(72)73-36/h30-42,46H,13-29H2,1-12H3,(H,54,61)(H,55,66)(H,56,69)(H,57,67)(H,58,71)(H,59,68)(H,60,70)(H,62,63)(H,64,65)/t36-,37+,38+,39-,40-,41+,42+,46+/m1/s1

InChI key

NJGWOFRZMQRKHT-WGVNQGGSSA-N

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This Item
11702B0125V3639
Surfactin from Bacillus subtilis, ≥98.0% (HPLC)

S3523

Surfactin

Bacitracin from Bacillus licheniformis, ≥65 IU/mg

11702

Bacitracin

Bacitracin from Bacillus licheniformis, ≥65 IU/mg

B0125

Bacitracin

Valinomycin Ready Made Solution, ~1 mg/mL in DMSO

V3639

Valinomycin

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

liquid

assay

≥98.0% (HPLC)

assay

-

assay

-

assay

≥90% (HPLC)

solubility

ethanol: soluble 10 mg/mL

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

General description

Chemical structure: peptide

Application

Surfactin is used as a surfactant to mediate flux of mono-and divalent cations, such as calcium, across lipid bilayer membranes. It is also used to study antitumor activity, activity against enveloped viruses, activity against the protoplast of Bacillus megaterium and the activity against Mycoplasma.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Surfactin is a lipopeptide antibiotic that is composed of one β-hydroxy fatty acid, which has a long fatty acid moiety, and seven amino acids. Three of them have D configurations. It is a powerful biosurfactant that causes lysis of erythrocytes and bacteria. It is also a clotting inhibitor. Surfactin is thought to disrupt or disintegrate membranes via physicochemical interaction with the membranes.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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K Tsuge et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 45(12), 3566-3573 (2001-11-16)
Surfactin is a cyclic lipopeptide biosurfactant. Transposon mutagenesis was performed in Bacillus subtilis strain 168, and a surfactin-susceptible mutant, strain 801, was isolated. Analysis of the region of insertion revealed that yerP was the determinant of surfactin self-resistance. YerP had
M M Nakano et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 170(12), 5662-5668 (1988-12-01)
Surfactin is a lipopeptide antibiotic produced by the cells of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 21332. A genetic locus responsible for surfactin production (sfp) was transferred from ATCC 21332 to JH642, a derivative of the standard B. subtilis 168. To study the
Clarisse S Compaoré et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 162(3), 297-307 (2013-03-08)
Bikalga is a Hibiscus sabdariffa seed fermented condiment widely consumed in Burkina Faso and neighboring countries. The fermentation is dominated by Bacillus subtilis group species. Ten B. subtilis subsp. subtilis (six isolates) and Bacillus licheniformis (four isolates) isolated from traditional
Emilia Ghelardi et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 78(18), 6540-6544 (2012-07-10)
Multicellular communities produced by Bacillus subtilis can adopt sliding or swarming to translocate over surfaces. While sliding is a flagellum-independent motility produced by the expansive forces in a growing colony, swarming requires flagellar functionality and is characterized by the appearance
L D'Auria et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1828(9), 2064-2073 (2013-05-21)
The lipopeptide surfactin exhibits promising antimicrobial activities which are hampered by haemolytic toxicity. Rational design of new surfactin molecules, based on a better understanding of membrane:surfactin interaction, is thus crucial. We here performed bioimaging of lateral membrane lipid heterogeneity in

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