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T2705

Sigma-Aldrich

Topotecan hydrochloride hydrate

≥98% (HPLC and enzymatic)

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Synonym(s):
9-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-10-hydroxy-(20S)-camptothecin hydrochloride hydrate, NSC-609669 hydrochloride hydrate, SKF-104864A hydrochloride hydrate, hycamptamine hydrochloride hydrate
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C23H23N3O5 · xHCl · yH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
421.45 (anhydrous free base basis)
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC and enzymatic)

form

powder

storage condition

desiccated
protect from light

color

yellow

solubility

DMSO: ≥20 mg/mL

originator

GlaxoSmithKline

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI

1S/C23H23N3O5/c1-4-23(30)16-8-18-20-12(9-26(18)21(28)15(16)11-31-22(23)29)7-13-14(10-25(2)3)19(27)6-5-17(13)24-20/h5-8,27,30H,4,9-11H2,1-3H3/t23-/m0/s1

InChI key

UCFGDBYHRUNTLO-QHCPKHFHSA-N

Gene Information

human ... TOP1MT(116447)

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This Item
A7410E8284D6196
vibrant-m

T2705

Topotecan hydrochloride hydrate

vibrant-m

A7410

Amiloride hydrochloride hydrate

vibrant-m

D6196

Dimebon dihydrochloride hydrate

form

powder

form

powder

form

solid

form

powder

assay

≥98% (HPLC and enzymatic)

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

originator

GlaxoSmithKline

originator

Perrigo

originator

-

originator

-

color

yellow

color

yellow

color

white to beige

color

white to off-white

Application

Topotecan has been used as a positive control for the identification and analysis of HIF-1α and VEGF inhibitors in human glioma cells under hypoxic conditions1. It has also been used for in vitro apoptosis assays in PA317 cells2.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Topotecan is a topoisomerase I inhibitor and an apoptosis inducer. It is a potent antineoplastic agent.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox and Apoptosis research. Discover more featured ADME Tox and Apoptosis products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.
This compound was developed by GlaxoSmithKline. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Preparation Note

Topotecan hydrochloride hydrate is soluble in DMSO at a concentration that is greater than or equal to 20 mg/ml.

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Muta. 1B - Repr. 2

Storage Class

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Iben Kümler et al.
Breast cancer research and treatment, 138(2), 347-358 (2013-03-21)
Following treatment with anthracyclines and taxanes, few established options exist for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Although the topoisomerase 1 inhibitors irinotecan, etirinotecan, and topotecan have been used in clinical trials on MBC, the drugs have never been
Israel Zighelboim et al.
Gynecologic oncology, 130(1), 64-68 (2013-04-18)
We evaluated the activity and safety of the combination of topotecan, cisplatin and bevacizumab in patients with recurrent or persistent carcinoma of the cervix. Eligible patients had persistent or recurrent cervical cancer not amenable to curative intent treatment. No prior
Jerec W Ricci et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 15(12), 2853-2862 (2016-09-28)
Chemotherapeutic resistance remains a challenge in the treatment of ovarian carcinoma, especially in recurrent disease. Despite the fact that most patients with newly diagnosed tumors attain complete remission following cytoreductive surgery and chemotherapy, ovarian carcinoma has a recurrence rate that
Andrei Molotkov et al.
Pharmaceutics, 13(3) (2021-04-04)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary adult brain malignancy with an extremely poor prognosis and a median survival of fewer than two years. A key reason for this high mortality is that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) significantly restricts systemically
Ian F King et al.
Nature, 501(7465), 58-62 (2013-09-03)
Topoisomerases are expressed throughout the developing and adult brain and are mutated in some individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, how topoisomerases are mechanistically connected to ASD is unknown. Here we find that topotecan, a topoisomerase 1 (TOP1) inhibitor

Articles

Apoptosis, or programmed cell death (PCD), is a selective process for the removal of unnecessary, infected or transformed cells in various biological systems. As it plays a role in the homeostasis of multicellular organisms, apoptosis is tightly regulated through two principal pathways by a number of regulatory and effector molecules.

n proliferating cells, the cell cycle consists of four phases. Gap 1 (G1) is the interval between mitosis and DNA replication that is characterized by cell growth. Replication of DNA occurs during the synthesis (S) phase, which is followed by a second gap phase (G2) during which growth and preparation for cell division occurs. Together, these three stages comprise the interphase phase of the cell cycle. Interphase is followed by the mitotic (M) phase.

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