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  • Development and application of a comparative fatty acid analysis method to investigate voriconazole-induced hepatotoxicity.

Development and application of a comparative fatty acid analysis method to investigate voriconazole-induced hepatotoxicity.

Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry (2014-08-26)
Guan-yuan Chen, Huai-hsuan Chiu, Shu-wen Lin, Yufeng Jane Tseng, Sung-jeng Tsai, Ching-hua Kuo
ABSTRACT

As fatty acids play an important role in biological regulation, the profiling of fatty acid expression has been used to discover various disease markers and to understand disease mechanisms. This study developed an effective and accurate comparative fatty acid analysis method using differential labeling to speed up the metabolic profiling of fatty acids. Fatty acids were derivatized with unlabeled (D0) or deuterated (D3) methanol, followed by GC-MS analysis. The comparative fatty acid analysis method was validated using a series of samples with different ratios of D0/D3-labeled fatty acid standards and with mouse liver extracts. Using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mouse model, we found that the fatty acid profiles after LPS treatment were similar between the conventional single-sample analysis approach and the proposed comparative approach, with a Pearson's correlation coefficient of approximately 0.96. We applied the comparative method to investigate voriconazole-induced hepatotoxicity and revealed the toxicity mechanism as well as the potential of using fatty acids as toxicity markers. In conclusion, the comparative fatty acid profiling technique was determined to be fast and accurate and allowed the discovery of potential fatty acid biomarkers in a more economical and efficient manner.

MATERIALS
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