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  • Does inactivation of USP14 enhance degradation of proteasomal substrates that are associated with neurodegenerative diseases?

Does inactivation of USP14 enhance degradation of proteasomal substrates that are associated with neurodegenerative diseases?

F1000Research (2016-03-22)
Daniel Ortuno, Holly J Carlisle, Silke Miller
ABSTRACT

A common pathological hallmark of age-related neurodegenerative diseases is the intracellular accumulation of protein aggregates such as α-synuclein in Parkinson's disease, TDP-43 in ALS, and tau in Alzheimer's disease. Enhancing intracellular clearance of aggregation-prone proteins is a plausible strategy for slowing progression of neurodegenerative diseases and there is great interest in identifying molecular targets that control protein turnover. One of the main routes for protein degradation is through the proteasome, a multisubunit protease that degrades proteins that have been tagged with a polyubiquitin chain by ubiquitin activating and conjugating enzymes. Published data from cellular models indicate that Ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14), a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB), slows the degradation of tau and TDP-43 by the proteasome and that an inhibitor of USP14 increases the degradation of these substrates. We conducted similar experiments designed to evaluate tau, TDP-43, or α-synuclein levels in cells after overexpressing USP14 or knocking down endogenous expression by siRNA.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-V5 antibody, Mouse monoclonal, clone V5-10, purified from hybridoma cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal ANTI-FLAG® M2 antibody produced in mouse, 1 mg/mL, clone M2, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution (50% glycerol, 10 mM sodium phosphate, and 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.4)