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732117

Sigma-Aldrich

Pd-PEPPSI-IPent catalyst

≥95%

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Synonym(s):
Dichloro[1,3-bis(2,6-Di-3-pentylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene](3-chloropyridyl)palladium(II), [1,3-Bis(2,6-Di-3-pentylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene](3-chloropyridyl)dichloropalladium(II), [1,3-Bis(2,6-Di-3-pentylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene](3-chloropyridyl)palladium(II) dichloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C40H56Cl3N3Pd
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
791.67
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

assay

≥95%

form

solid

reaction suitability

core: palladium
reaction type: Buchwald-Hartwig Cross Coupling Reaction
reaction type: Cross Couplings
reaction type: Heck Reaction
reaction type: Hiyama Coupling
reaction type: Negishi Coupling
reaction type: Sonogashira Coupling
reaction type: Stille Coupling
reaction type: Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling
reagent type: catalyst

mp

195-201 °C

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Clc1cccnc1.CCC(CC)c2cccc(C(CC)CC)c2N3C=CN(c4c(cccc4C(CC)CC)C(CC)CC)\C3=[Pd](/Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/C35H52N2.C5H4ClN.2ClH.Pd/c1-9-26(10-2)30-19-17-20-31(27(11-3)12-4)34(30)36-23-24-37(25-36)35-32(28(13-5)14-6)21-18-22-33(35)29(15-7)16-8;6-5-2-1-3-7-4-5;;;/h17-24,26-29H,9-16H2,1-8H3;1-4H;2*1H;/q;;;;+2/p-2

InChI key

BCXSKTXOKALLAZ-UHFFFAOYSA-L

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This Item
669032674702725447
Pd-PEPPSI™-IPent catalyst ≥95%

732117

Pd-PEPPSI-IPent catalyst

PEPPSI™-IPr catalyst 98%, Umicore

669032

PEPPSI-IPr catalyst

PEPPSI™-SIPr catalyst Umicore

674702

PEPPSI-SIPr catalyst

CX23 Umicore, 97%

725447

CX23

assay

≥95%

assay

98%

assay

-

assay

97%

form

solid

form

-

form

-

form

solid

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

mp

195-201 °C

mp

230 °C

mp

229-230 °C

mp

206-210 °C

General description

Pd-PEPPSI-IPent catalyst is a palladium-based catalyst used in cross-coupling reactions to form C-N and C- C bonds.

Application

  • Catalyst for Stille coupling reaction (eq. 1)
  • Catalyst for Negishi coupling reaction (eq. 2)
  • Catalyst for Suzuki coupling reaction (eq. 3)
Reaction scheme for Pd catalyst PEPPSI<SUP>™</SUP>-IPent used in cross coupling reaction
For small scale and high throughput uses, product is also available as ChemBeads (928399)

Legal Information

Patented, U.S. Pat. No. 7,250,510. Sold under an exclusive license from Total Synthesis Ltd.
PEPPSI is a trademark of Total Synthesis Ltd.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Pd-PEPPSI-IPentCl: A Useful Catalyst for the Coupling of 2-Aminopyridine Derivatives
Khadra A, et al.
Chemistry?A European Journal , 23(13), 3206-3212 (2017)
Michael G Organ et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 48(13), 2383-2387 (2009-02-20)
Incredible Bulk: A series of N-heterocyclic carbene catalysts (see picture) were prepared and evaluated in the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction. A variety of sterically encumbered tetra-ortho-substituted biaryl products were formed from unreactive aryl chlorides using the isopentyl-substituted catalyst at temperatures ranging from
Meenakshi Dowlut et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 16(14), 4279-4283 (2010-03-09)
The reactivity of Pd-PEPPSI (Pyridine, Enhanced, Precatalyst, Preparation, Stabilization, and Initiation) precatalysts in the Stille-Migita cross-coupling reaction between heteroaryl stannanes and aryl or heteroaryl halides was evaluated. In general, Pd-PEPPSI-IPent (IPent=diisopentylphenylimidazolium derivative) demonstrated high efficiency over a variety of challenging
Cory Valente et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 51(14), 3314-3332 (2012-01-31)
Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions enable organic chemists to form C-C bonds in targeted positions and under mild conditions. Although phosphine ligands have been intensively researched, in the search for even better cross-coupling catalysts attention has recently turned to the use of
Pd-PEPPSI-IPent: An Active, Sterically Demanding Cross-Coupling Catalyst and Its Application in the Synthesis of Tetra-Ortho-Substituted Biaryls
Organ MG, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 48(13), 2383-2387 (2009)

Articles

Professor Mike Organ and co-workers have developed the PEPPSI™ (Pyridine-Enhanced Precatalyst Preparation Stabilization and Initiation) precatalysts for palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions.

PEPPSI palladium N-heterocyclic-carbene catalyst system enhances efficiency and functional group tolerance in catalysis.

All of the preformed catalysts used in the kit are air and moisture stable complexes in their commercially available form.

Tools aid in kit setup for organic chemistry techniques, ensuring ease and success.

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