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220551

Sigma-Aldrich

Chloramphenicol

Chloramphenicol, CAS 56-75-7, is a synthetic bacteriostatic antibiotic that inhibits the translation of RNA by blocking the peptidyltransferase reaction on ribosomes.

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Synonym(s):
Chloramphenicol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C11H12Cl2N2O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
323.13
MDL number:

assay

≥97% (by Assay)

form

crystalline powder

manufacturer/tradename

Calbiochem®

storage condition

OK to freeze

color

gray to off-white

solubility

water: 2.5 mg/mL
methanol: 35 mg/mL
ethanol: soluble

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

10-30°C

InChI

1S/C11H12Cl2N2O5/c12-10(13)11(18)14-8(5-16)9(17)6-1-3-7(4-2-6)15(19)20/h1-4,8-10,16-17H,5H2,(H,14,18)

InChI key

WIIZWVCIJKGZOK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
31667C1919BP854
Chloramphenicol Chloramphenicol, CAS 56-75-7, is a synthetic bacteriostatic antibiotic that inhibits the translation of RNA by blocking the peptidyltransferase reaction on ribosomes.

220551

Chloramphenicol

-
Chloramphenicol VETRANAL®, analytical standard

31667

Chloramphenicol

-
Chloramphenicol BioReagent, suitable for plant cell culture

C1919

Chloramphenicol

Essential+ Grade
Chloramphenicol British Pharmacopoeia (BP) Reference Standard

BP854

Chloramphenicol

-
form

crystalline powder

form

-

form

powder

form

-

manufacturer/tradename

Calbiochem®

manufacturer/tradename

-

manufacturer/tradename

-

manufacturer/tradename

BP

storage temp.

10-30°C

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage condition

OK to freeze

storage condition

-

storage condition

-

storage condition

-

solubility

water: 2.5 mg/mL, ethanol: soluble, methanol: 35 mg/mL

solubility

H2O: insoluble 100% (practically)

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL

solubility

-

General description

Synthetic bacteriostatic antibiotic that inhibits the translation of RNA by blocking the peptidyltransferase reaction on ribosomes.
Synthetic bacteriostatic antibiotic that inhibits the translation of RNA to protein by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit, blocking the peptidyl transferase reaction. Chloramphenicol resistance is encoded by the resistance gene cat, whose product, chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, inactivates the antibiotic via acetylation. Typically used at 30-50 µg/ml for selection of chloramphenicol-resistant Escherichia coli.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Potency: ≥970 µg/mg
Primary Target
trasnslation of RNA

Other Notes

Lech, K., and Brent, R. 1995. in Current Protocols in Mol. Biol. Vol. 1, (Ausubel, F.M., et al., Eds.) John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Lu, J., and Jiang, C. 1993. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.196, 12.
Saltarelli, M.J., et al. 1993. Virol.197, 35.
Holt, J.T. 1992. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci.660, 88.
Maniatis, T., et al. 1989. In Molecular Cloning, A Laboratory Manual, Second Edition. Cold Spring Harbor, NY, p. 1.6, A.6.

Legal Information

CALBIOCHEM is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

pictograms

CorrosionHealth hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3


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