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C3175

Sigma-Aldrich

Chloramphenicol-Water Soluble

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
Chloramphenicol, Chlornitromycin, Chlorocid, Chloromycetin, Cloramfenicol, D-(−)-threo-2-Dichloroacetamido-1-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3-propanediol, D-(−)-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-β-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl]acetamide, Chloromycetin, D-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-4-nitrophenethyl]aceta, Kloramfenikol
NACRES:
NA.76

product line

BioReagent

Quality Level

form

powder

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

H2O: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution)
PBS: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution)
other salt solutions: not recommended

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycobacteria
mycoplasma

mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

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This Item
C1919R4408C7795
Chloramphenicol-Water Soluble powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

C3175

Chloramphenicol-Water Soluble

-
Chloramphenicol BioReagent, suitable for plant cell culture

C1919

Chloramphenicol

Essential+ Grade
Sigma-Aldrich

R4408

Chloramphenicol

-
Chloramphenicol γ-irradiated

C7795

Chloramphenicol

-
technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | plant: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

product line

BioReagent

product line

BioReagent

product line

-

product line

-

form

powder

form

powder

form

solution

form

powder

solubility

H2O: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution), other salt solutions: not recommended, PBS: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution)

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL

solubility

-

solubility

absolute ethanol: 5-20 mg/mL (as a stock solution), methanol: soluble (as a stock solution)

Application

Chloramphenicol-Water Soluble has been used:

  • as a supplement in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium to culture Escherichia coli
  • as a supplement in LB agar to culture Citrobacter rodentium
  • to culture Toxoplasma gondii

Biochem/physiol Actions

Chloramphenicol is a natural product found in Streptomyces venezuelae. It shows a broad range of antibiotic activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria by binding to the peptidyl transferase loop of the ribosomal RNA to block the peptide bond formation.

Packaging

Package size based on chloramphenicol

Other Notes

Formulated to contain approx. 100 mg chloramphenicol per gram of powder; balance 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin.
Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Light sensitive. Keep in a dry place.

pictograms

CorrosionHealth hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type P2 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Valerie F Crepin et al.
Nature protocols, 11(10), 1851-1876 (2016-09-09)
Infection of mice with Citrobacter rodentium is a robust model to study bacterial pathogenesis, mucosal immunology, the health benefits of probiotics and the role of the microbiota during infection. C. rodentium was first isolated by Barthold from an outbreak of
A Chatzitakis et al.
Water research, 42(1-2), 386-394 (2007-08-19)
The photocatalytic degradation of Chloramphenicol, an antibiotic drug, has been investigated in aqueous heterogeneous solutions containing n-type oxide semiconductors as photocatalysts. The disappearance of the organic molecule follows approximately a pseudo-first-order kinetics according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. It was observed
D H Burke et al.
Chemistry & biology, 4(11), 833-843 (1998-01-31)
The problem of how macromolecules adopt specific shapes to recognize small molecules in their environment is readily addressed through in vitro selections (the SELEX protocol). RNA-antibiotic interactions are particularly attractive systems for study because they provide an opportunity to expand
Jaap C Hanekamp et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 39(1), 213-220 (2014-12-22)
The antibiotic chloramphenicol (CAP) is banned from food production. Besides being a medicinal product, CAP is also a natural product, produced by Streptomyces Venezuelae. The lack of scientific data hampers setting of an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI). Consequently, a maximum
Taru Hilander et al.
Nucleic acids research, 46(2), 849-860 (2017-12-12)
Accuracy of protein synthesis is enabled by the selection of amino acids for tRNA charging by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs), and further enhanced by the proofreading functions of some of these enzymes for eliminating tRNAs mischarged with noncognate amino acids. Mouse

Articles

Antibiotic kill curve is a dose response experiment in which mammalian cells are subjected to increasing amounts of selection antibiotic

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