MilliporeSigma
All Photos(5)

320102

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetic anhydride

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Sign Into View Organizational & Contract Pricing

Select a Size

Synonym(s):
Acetanhydride, Acetic acid anhydride, Acetyl acetate, Acetyl anhydride, Ethanoic anhydride
Linear Formula:
(CH3CO)2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
102.09
Beilstein:
385737
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

3.5 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 36 °C)
4 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

Assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

629 °F

expl. lim.

10.3 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.390 (lit.)

bp

138-140 °C (lit.)

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: slightly soluble

density

1.08 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

CC(=O)OC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O3/c1-3(5)7-4(2)6/h1-2H3

InChI key

WFDIJRYMOXRFFG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Compare Similar Items

View Full Comparison

Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
242845332148.22278
Acetic anhydride ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Sigma-Aldrich

320102

Acetic anhydride

Acetic anhydride ACS reagent, ≥98.0%

Sigma-Aldrich

242845

Acetic anhydride

Acetic anhydride puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

33214

Acetic anhydride

Acetic anhydride for synthesis

Sigma-Aldrich

8.22278

Acetic anhydride

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

-

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.390 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.390 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.390 (lit.)

refractive index

-

bp

138-140 °C (lit.)

bp

138-140 °C (lit.)

bp

138-140 °C (lit.)

bp

-

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

mp

-73 °C

solubility

water: slightly soluble

solubility

H2O: slightly soluble

solubility

-

solubility

-

General description

Acetic anhydride is a carboxylic acid anhydride commonly used as an acetylating agent for amines and alcohols.
Acetic anhydride participates in the Friedel-Craft′s intramolecular cyclization reaction of cyclopropyl ketones to afford the tetralones. It has been reported to promote the Knoevenagel condensation of various aldehydes and activated methylene compounds.

Application

Acetic anhydride may be used as a reactant to synthesize:
  • 3-acetoxybenzoic acid by reacting with 3-hydroxybenzoic acid
  • 6-dimethylamino-2,3-naphthalenedicarboxylic anhydride, a precursor to prepare 6-dimethylaminonaphthalimide

Acetic anhydride was used in the following studies:
  • Lipozyme TL IM (commercial immobilized lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus) catalyzed acetylation of essential clove oil.
  • As acetyl donor to investigate the lipase catalyzed acetylation of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC).
  • Synthesis of N-substituted pyrazolines.
  • Acetylation of Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) starch.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

120.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

49 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

Already Own This Product?

Documents related to the products that you have purchased in the past have been gathered in the Document Library for your convenience.

Visit the Document Library

Difficulty Finding Your Product Or Lot/Batch Number?

Product numbers are combined with Pack Sizes/Quantity when displayed on the website (example: T1503-25G). Please make sure you enter ONLY the product number in the Product Number field (example: T1503).

Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

Having trouble? Feel free to contact Technical Service for assistance.

Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

Not Finding What You Are Looking For?

In some cases, a COA may not be available online. If your search was unable to find the COA you can request one.

Request COA

Customers Also Viewed

Slide 1 of 3

1 of 3

4-Aminophenol ≥98%

Sigma-Aldrich

A71328

4-Aminophenol

Pyridine anhydrous, 99.8%

Sigma-Aldrich

270970

Pyridine

Acetic Anhydride Meets ACS Specifications, Meets Reagent Specifications for testing USP/NF monographs GR ACS

Supelco

AX0080

Acetic Anhydride

B Umesha et al.
Bioorganicheskaia khimiia, 40(4), 503-512 (2015-04-23)
The pyrazole analogues of podophyllotoxin were synthesized by the chalcone route. This route attracts the attention because of its simple operating conditions and easy availability ofthe chemicals. Initially, benzylide-neacetophenones (chalcones) were prepared in high yields by Claisen-Schmidt reaction of acetophenones
Yohei Ogiwara et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 80(6), 3101-3110 (2015-02-18)
The combination of a catalytic amount of InCl3 and acetic anhydride remarkably promotes the Knoevenagel condensation of a variety of aldehydes and activated methylene compounds. This catalytic system accommodates aromatic aldehydes containing a variety of electron-donating and -withdrawing groups, heteroaromatic
Mojca Božič et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 125, 340-351 (2015-04-11)
The acetylation efficiency of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) with acetic anhydride as acetyl donor was studied using lipase from Aspergillus niger in a mixture of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) and phosphate buffer solution at ambient conditions and in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2).
Semi-synthesis and proteasome inhibition of D-ring deoxy analogs of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the active ingredient of green tea extract.
Huo C, et al.
Journal of Chemistry, 86(6), 495-502 (2008)
Josiane Bartz et al.
Food chemistry, 178, 236-242 (2015-02-24)
Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) is an invasive plant that is difficult to control and is found in abundance as part of the waste of the paddy industry. In this study, barnyardgrass starch was extracted and studied to obtain a novel starch

Articles

Friedel–Crafts Acylation

The Friedel–Crafts acylation is the reaction of an arene with acyl chlorides or anhydrides using a strong Lewis acid catalyst. This reaction proceeds via electrophilic aromatic substitution to form monoacylated products.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service