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33047

Sigma-Aldrich

Benzoic acid

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.9% (alkalimetric)

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Synonym(s):
Benzenecarboxylic acid, Carboxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
122.12
Beilstein:
636131
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39023903
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

4.21 (vs air)

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 132 °C)

Assay

≥99.9% (alkalimetric)

form

crystalline

autoignition temp.

1061 °F

impurities

readily oxidisable substances, in accordance
≤0.002% S-compounds (as S)
≤0.005% halogen compounds (as Cl)
≤0.005% insoluble in methanol

ign. residue

≤0.005% (as SO4)

bp

249 °C (lit.)

mp

121-125 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble (2.9 g/l at 25 °C)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤20 mg/kg

cation traces

Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤2 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

OC(=O)c1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C7H6O2/c8-7(9)6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H,(H,8,9)

InChI key

WPYMKLBDIGXBTP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
W213101W213128109479
Benzoic acid puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.9% (alkalimetric)

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Benzoic acid natural, ≥99.5%, FCC, FG

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Benzoic acid

Benzoic acid ReagentPlus®, 99%

Sigma-Aldrich

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Benzoic acid

form

crystalline

form

powder or crystals

form

powder

form

crystalline

bp

249 °C (lit.)

bp

132-133 °C/10 mmHg, 249 °C (lit.)

bp

132-133 °C/10 mmHg, 249 °C (lit.)

bp

249 °C (lit.)

mp

121-125 °C (lit.)

mp

121-125 °C (lit.)

mp

121-125 °C (lit.)

mp

121-125 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble (2.9 g/l at 25 °C)

solubility

soluble, clear, colorless (95% ethanol, 1gm/3mL)

solubility

water: 2.9 g/L at 25 °C

solubility

water: soluble 2.9 g/L at 25 °C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

100

General description

Benzoic acid is an organic aromatic monocarboxylic acid. It occurs in the form of colorless leaflets or needles. It reacts with hydrogenating reagents to afford hexahydrobenzoic acid. On decomposition (by heating) in the presence of lime or alkali, it affords benzene and carbon dioxide. It can be synthesized by the cobalt or manganese catalyzed atmospheric oxidation of toluene.

Application

Benzoic acid may be employed as a standard in the quantitative and calorimetric studies. It may be employed as an intermediate in the synthesis of following products:
  • paints
  • pigments
  • varnish
  • wetting agents
  • aroma compounds
  • benzoyl chloride
  • benzotrichloride

Pictograms

CorrosionHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 Inhalation

Target Organs

Lungs

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 122-122 (1994)
S Nacht et al.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 4(1), 31-37 (1981-01-01)
The transepidermal penetration and metabolic disposition of 14C-benzoyl peroxide were assessed in vitro (excised human skin) and in vivo (rhesus monkey). In vitro, the benzoyl peroxide penetrated into the skin, through the stratum corneum or the follicular openings, or both
Renbo Wei et al.
Macromolecular rapid communications, 34(4), 330-334 (2013-01-03)
A new approach is developed to fabricate highly oriented mono-domain LCE nano/microstructures through micro-molding in capillaries. Gratings and microwires as two typical examples are fabricated and characterized by polarizing optical microscopy, optical microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The gratings with
Copper-mediated C-H/C-H biaryl coupling of benzoic acid derivatives and 1,3-azoles.
Mayuko Nishino et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 52(16), 4457-4461 (2013-03-21)
Ly Dieu Tran et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(44), 18237-18240 (2012-10-30)
An auxiliary-assisted, copper catalyzed or promoted sulfenylation of benzoic acid derivative β-C-H bonds and benzylamine derivative γ-C-H bonds has been developed. The method employs disulfide reagents, copper(II) acetate, and DMSO solvent at 90-130 °C. Application of this methodology to the

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