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399388

Sigma-Aldrich

Formic acid

greener alternative

ACS reagent, ≥88%

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Linear Formula:
HCOOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
46.03
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1209246
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

1.6 (vs air)

vapor pressure

44.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

description

dilution test passes test

assay

≥88%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1004 °F

expl. lim.

57 %

greener alternative product characteristics

Catalysis
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

impurities

≤0.4% Acetic acid

evapn. residue

≤0.002%

color

APHA: ≤15

refractive index

n20/D 1.370 (lit.)

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 2.2 g/L)

bp

100-101 °C (lit.)

mp

8.2-8.4 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: miscible

density

1.22 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.002%
sulfite (SO32-): passes test

cation traces

Fe: ≤5 ppm
NH4+: ≤0.005%
heavy metals: ≤5 ppm (by ICP)

greener alternative category

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

OC=O

InChI

1S/CH2O2/c2-1-3/h1H,(H,2,3)

InChI key

BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
69507633015W248703
Formic acid ACS reagent, ≥88%

399388

Formic acid

Essential Grade
Formic acid ACS reagent, ≥96%

695076

Formic acid

Essential Grade
Formic acid puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥98%

33015

Formic acid

Essential Grade
Formic acid ≥95%, FCC, FG

W248703

Formic acid

-
assay

≥88%

assay

≥96%

assay

≥98%

assay

≥95%

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

400

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 2.2 g/L)

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 2.2 g/L)

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 2.2 g/L)

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 2.2 g/L)

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

-

General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for catalysis. Click here for more information.

Application

Reductant used in iron-catalyzed, greener reduction of aldehydes to alcohols .

Fast and selective iron-catalyzed transfer hydrogenations of aldehydes

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B

supp_hazards

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

118.4 °F

flash_point_c

48 °C


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Advances in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells: Fabrication of Efficient Ir/Pd Nanocatalysts for Formic Acid Electro-Oxidation.
Al-Akraa IM, et al.
International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 10, 3282-3290 (2015)
Modification of Pd for formic acid decomposition by support grafted functional groups.
Jones S, et al.
Catalysis, Structure & Reactivity, 1(1), 19-24 (2015)
T Kitamoto et al.
Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology, 57(2), 230-236 (1987-08-01)
The purpose of this study was to design a method by which immunoperoxidase staining can be applied to formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections to demonstrate amyloid deposits in cerebral and systemic amyloidotic tissues. We used anti-prion protein, anti-beta-protein, anti-amyloid A, and
Palladium-Catalyzed Hydrocarboxylation of Alkynes with Formic Acid.
Hou J, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 127(21), 6400-6403 (2015)
Direct formic acid fuel cells on Pd catalysts supported on hybrid TiO2-C materials.
Matos J, et al.
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