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83834

Sigma-Aldrich

Ribonuclease A from bovine pancreas

4×cryst., ~70 U/mg (acc. to Kunitz)

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Synonym(s):
Pancreatic Ribonuclease, RNAsea, RNase A, Ribonucleate 3′-pyrimidinooligonucleotidohydrolase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

form

powder

Quality Level

quality

4×cryst.

specific activity

~70 U/mg (acc. to Kunitz)

mol wt

~13,700
Mr ~13700

impurities

proteases, none detected

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI

1S/C9H14N4O3/c10-2-1-8(14)13-7(9(15)16)3-6-4-11-5-12-6/h4-5,7H,1-3,10H2,(H,11,12)(H,13,14)(H,15,16)

InChI key

CQOVPNPJLQNMDC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
R5500R4875R5125
vibrant-m

83834

Ribonuclease A from bovine pancreas

vibrant-m

R5500

Ribonuclease A from bovine pancreas

vibrant-m

R4875

Ribonuclease A from bovine pancreas

vibrant-m

R5125

Ribonuclease A from bovine pancreas

form

powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

powder

form

lyophilized powder

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

mol wt

~13,700, Mr ~13700

mol wt

~13,700

mol wt

~13,700

mol wt

~13,700

shipped in

wet ice

shipped in

-

shipped in

-

shipped in

-

impurities

proteases, none detected

impurities

salt, essentially free

impurities

salt, essentially free

impurities

salt, essentially free

General description

RNase A, Ribonuclease A, is an endoribonuclease that cleaves the phosphodiester bonds of single strand RNA after pyrimidine nucleotides. It attacks at the 3′ phosphate end (For example pG-pG-pC-pA-pG will be cleaved to give pG-pG-pCp and A-pG). The highest activity is exhibited with single stranded RNA. RNase A is a single chain polypeptide containing 4 disulfide bridges. In contrast to RNase B, it is not a glycoprotein. Ribonucleases do not hydrolyze DNA, because the DNA lacks 2′-OH groups essential for the formation of cyclic intermediates. RNase A can also hydrolyze RNA from protein samples. RNase A can be inhibited by alkylation of His12 and His119 and activated by potassium and sodium salts. RNAse is inhibited in the presence of heavy metal ions. RNase is also inhibited competitively by DNA.

Application

  • RNase A is used to remove RNA from DNA plasmid and genomic DNA preparations and protein samples.
  • RNase A is also used in RNA sequence analysis and protection assays.
  • RNase A has been used as a tool for computer-aided drug design.
  • RNase A supports the analysis of RNA sequences.
  • RNase A hydrolyze RNA contained in protein samples.
  • Purification of DNA is supported by RNase A.

Features and Benefits

Our highly stable Ribonuclease A, RNase A, is suitable for removal of RNA, RNA sequencing, and DNA purification.

Unit Definition

1 U corresponds to the amount of enzyme which hydrolyzes the RNA at a rate constant k = 1 at 25°C and pH 5.0 (Kunitz-units); M. Kunitz, J. Biol. Chem. 164, 563 (1946)

Analysis Note

Protein determined by E.

Other Notes

Sales restrictions may apply
The enzyme only hydrolyzes phosphodiester linkages which originate from pyrimidine-3′-phosphates, as well as a large number of 2′,3′-cyclo compounds of cytidine and uridine derivatives; The return of pancreatic ribonucleases

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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[On the mechanism of the ribonuclease reaction. 1. The function of the pyrimidine base in the reaction].
H G Gassen et al.
European journal of biochemistry, 1(1), 36-45 (1967-03-01)
S A Benner et al.
Trends in biochemical sciences, 14(10), 396-397 (1989-10-01)
A decade after losing favor as an 'uninteresting' digestive enzyme, pancreatic ribonuclease has been found to be homologous to a series of extracellular proteins that may influence tumor cell growth, neurological development and biological differentiation. One surprising outcome of these
Caterina Brandmayr et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 51(44), 11162-11165 (2012-10-06)
Useful diversity: Quantification of modified tRNA nucleobases in different murine and porcine tissues reveals a tissue-specific overall modification content. The modification content correlates with rates of protein synthesis in vitro, suggesting a direct link between tRNA modification levels and tissue-specific translational
Isabel Rodríguez-Gómez et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 216(1), 43-51 (2012-10-11)
The purpose was to analyse the cardiac and renal capillary density and glomerular morphology resulting from a chronic excess or deficiency of thyroid hormones (THs) in rats. We performed histopathological, morphometrical and immunohistochemical analyses in hypothyroid and hyperthyroid rats to
Shuangsheng Huang et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 30(6), 1410-1416 (2012-10-03)
Tumor cells trigger angiogenesis through overexpression of various angiogenic factors including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin 1 (Ang1). Therefore, inhibition of the expression of both VEGF and Ang1, the initial step of tumor angiogenesis, is a promising strategy

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